Editors of The Journal of Science Reports have withdrawn a paper published last summer challenging human factors in climate change,media reported. The retracted paper was co-authored by V.V. Zharkova of Northumbria University, S.J. Shepherd of the University of Bradford, S.I. Zharkov of the University of Hull and E. Popova of the Russian National University of Advanced Economics.
The paper claims that global warming is caused by changes in the distance between the sun and the earth. Specifically, the Earth is warming because it has entered a 1,000-year warming period, which is part of the solar cycle and is related to the planet’s gravity. The paper attracted the attention of the scientific community immediately after its publication.
Previous studies have shown that the sun can deviate from orbit over a long span due to the gravitational pull of planets. But the Earth will also experience the same deviation as the sun deviates from its orbit, which is almost synchronous.
The paper, which was dismissed, argues that this is not the case, claiming that the Earth does not change its direction as the sun changes, causing the distance between the two to change, which in turn causes the Earth to become hotter.
Critics of the paper point out that the authors of the paper did not provide evidence for their claims. Instead, they chose to study the assumption that the center of gravity of the solar system affects how the sun and the Earth move.
Depending on the mass of the sun and all planets, the center of gravity is the center of the solar system. The authors of the paper argue that the motion of the sun around the center of gravity is the reason for the change in distance between the sun and the earth. Critics of the paper point out that the Earth does not move around the center of gravity of the solar system, but around the sun, which means that its distance from the sun will not change.
In their withdrawal statement, the editors of Scientific Reports raised their concerns about the paper and agreed to criticize the paper and lose confidence in the findings. Scientific Reports is a new open access journal published by the Nature Publishing Group (NPG) in 2011.