Beijing time on March 18, according tomedia reports, every day from our open eyes to sleep, our lives are always dominated by time, have to pay attention to the numbers on the clock. On the positive side, clock timing is like a lubricant to keep modern society running. Without the concept of time, it would be impossible for thousands of people to set off at the same time, and without coordinating all kinds of transportation around the world, such as planes, trains and so on. Financial transactions require time to be accurate to seconds, and the navigation systems we use every day rely on the precise clocks on the satellites.
Norway’s Summer Island has claimed to be the world’s first “no time zone.” But this is only a marketing stunt, not a real policy.
But for individuals, we are the “poor” of time. Time never seems to be running out, and we have to work from morning to night every day. Under the pressure of time, we can only speed up walking speed and speed, work performance will also be affected, resulting in long-term stress and work pressure further increase, and these pressures will lead us to eat, increase their own health risks.
Over time, most of us have lived in auto-cruise mode, struggling every day, but have no time to pay attention to the current scenery. Against this backdrop, the concepts of “living in the present” and “forgetting time” are naturally becoming more and more popular.
When Norway’s Summer Island announced that it would abolish the time system and become the world’s first “no time zone”, the news quickly made headlines around the world. If you can put time behind you and do whatever you want to do, it’s like a fairy day. Unfortunately, this is really just a gimmick by the Norwegian Tourism Board for marketing, not a real policy.
For thousands of years, people’s lives have been dominated by rising and rising sunsets.
But it also raises a very tempting question: Can we abandon the concept of time?
Marc Wittmann, of the Freiburg Institute for FrontierS in Psychology and Mental Health in Germany, points out that from a rational point of view, we certainly cannot afford to lose our innate sense of time, because it is closely related to our “self” consciousness.
“Our perception of the passage of time is also based on our perception of the body, ” says Whitman. ” “
Just as happy times always pass extraordinarily fast, when you are in the midst of a flood of time, you lose your conception of time and yourself. By contrast, if you’re having a boring meeting, you’ll feel that time is getting slower and your sense of self is extra clear.
The “monetization” of time has turned it into a commodity, and it has led to people needing to clock in and out.
Even if you put you in a cave, without any outside time warning, there is no way to know whether it is day or night, the human body will still operate according to about 24 small cycles of circadian rhythms. Andr? Klarsfeld, a time biologist at the University of Arts and Sciences in Paris, has been studying the rhythms of time in living organisms. He points out that most cells in living organisms have their own “clocks”. But if synchronization between these “clocks” is broken, it can cause a series of problems.
“The question is, how are the many ‘clocks’ inside and between organs kept in sync?” If they lose synchronization, what happens? “We have a long way to go to figure out the biological signals involved. “
Holly Andersen, who studies philosophy and metaphysics at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia, Canada, also warns that if we lose our perception of time, our perception of ourselves may also be lost. She believes that without the feeling of time and time passing, we would not have had a conscious experience. Back, we can see that our personal identity is built up over time and stored in the form of memory.
Commuters struggle to get their lives up every day, and modern technology can make things worse.
“Over time, these memories will become your own,” says Mr Anderson. “
If the “past” and “future” are gone, leaving only the “present”, we will not be able to prepare for the future or predict what may happen in the future.
Time also plays a vital role in our various psychological and social definitions, from understanding causation to understanding spoken and social cues. For example, the “casual glance” action, if it lasts a little longer, becomes “gaze”, and the meaning is quite different.
“Time is an innate part of the functioning of our biological, cognitive, and social systems,” says Valtteri Arstila, who studies philosophy and time psychology at the University of Turku in Finland. “
However, while we cannot abandon the concept of time on such a basic level, we may be able to gradually eliminate our dependence on time. After all, when we talk about being “at the mercy of time”, we are actually referring to clock timing, which is entirely the product of human invention.
The “authoritarian rule” of time
The first time to start measuring time was the Sumeurs, who divided each day into 12 units, using drip timing. Later, the Egyptians began to use obelisk synobs, which were also divided into 12 equal-length units per day. Because they judge the beginning and end of the day by rising and sunset, the length of these time units will vary over different seasons to help people adjust their lifestyles to changes in agricultural needs. As people demand more and more accurate timing accuracy, a range of more accurate timing instruments have emerged, including sundials, candle clocks, and mechanical pendulums. By the 17th century, the clock’s margin of error had narrowed to less than 10 minutes.
It wasn’t until the 19th century, when railroads were all over the United States, that people began to consider setting international standards for time. At the beginning of the 19th century, every city in the United States had its own time zone, which reached 300 in total. Under this system, it is impossible to build a reliable set of train timetables. Thus, in 1883, the United States introduced the concept of time zones, and the following year established a 24-hour international time zone system based on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) to provide the world with a reference to time.
From quartz clocks invented in the 1920s to atomic clocks with astonishing sensitivity, the accuracy of clocks has been improving. Today, there are 400 atomic clocks in laboratories around the world, which average the accuracy of international atomic time (TAI). Scientists are also studying the optical atomic clock, which has a margin of error of no more than a second for 15 billion years. Our financial markets, GLOBAL Positioning System and communications networks are highly dependent on highly accurate clocks.
But it was during the Industrial Revolution that man began to rule by his own hand-built clocks. Clock timing is easy to use to organize activities for a large group of people, and “collective time” replaces “personal time”.
“Looking back at history, think of the clocks used in monasteries, churches and railway systems, all of which are techniques used to coordinate the actions of people,” says Judy Wajcman, a sociologist at the London School of Economics and Political Science. “
Until then, most people focused only on “mission-oriented time” than on using abstract numbers to describe time, says On Barak, a historian at Tel Aviv University in Israel. And time in the agricultural economy tends to be consistent with the natural rhythms of day, night and season.
But since the industrial revolution began, employers needed to better manage factory workers, coordinate the arrival time of raw materials, and maximize production. The clock helped them solve the problem and brought about a fundamental change in the relationship between man and the clock.
“Workers under the ‘authoritarian rule’ of clocks soon became integrated into the new system, demanding fixed rotation times and reduced working hours, as well as financial compensation for working hours measured on the clock. Mr Barak said. He also points out that there are many examples of the language we use today that show the link between time and money, such as “time” (which corresponds to “spend money”).
Employees also “draw a line” in some areas of their work and are reluctant to be infested by the clock. In the early 20th century, for example, railway workers in Cairo violently resisted measures to install clocks in employee seating rooms, with the intention of limiting the length of time they could use in the toilets, breaking the clocks in toilets and cutting off railways to northern Egypt. Obviously they think that some things should not be measured by mechanical clocks.
“Clock timing is a very special way of looking at time,” says David Gange, a historian at the University of Birmingham in the UK. “
Faults in clock timing
Over time, our bodies have become accustomed to moving according to the light, temperature, and day and night changes in our area. Forcing the body to ignore these natural rhythms and act in an abstract sense of time can lead to a series of problems. For example, workers who need to work in reverse work often have their natural sleep patterns disrupted and are therefore prone to various psychological and physical health problems.
“Many of the increasingly common physical problems are linked to electrical light lines, such as obesity and sleep disorders, at least in part. Mr Crasfeld said.
There is also evidence that switching to daylight saving time also interferes with the body’s biological clock, leading to reduced sleep time, reduced test and learning performance, shorter life expectancy and cognitive problems.
In this way, the clock does nothing good to us.
“The clock is the only form of time that is purely man-made, not something that comes from us,” Says Ganji. “
Ganji had lived on a small boat in the North Atlantic for a year, during which time he abandoned the habit of using clocks, except for the occasional offer. He found that his body is perfectly adapted to the laws of nature, it is easy to adjust according to the color of the day. Later, when he returned to his life dominated by the clock, he faced a great challenge.
“Once you get used to this life, it’s easy to live according to the color of the day, ” says Mr Ganji. ” “
“The tide’s rise will change four times in a day. Being involved in this huge ‘respiratory system’ and ‘weather engine’ and deeply aware of the changes that are taking place around you is a magical experience that refreshes awareness and inspires, and adapts to it much easier than you might think. “
But when Ganji returned to normal life, the sense of participation “fades”.
Modern technology doesn’t help at this point. Although fewer people are wearing watches these days, mobile phones and computers will give us a reminder of the schedule. All kinds of web information stimulate our nerves around the clock, making it difficult for us to really relax at the end of the day. Today’s clock swatches are even more intrusive than ever, and they are indeed defenseless.
“The e-calendar will take on an increasing number of task of coordination, with additional features such as sending reminders and setting priorities. Helga Nowotny, a social scientist at the Zurich Institute of Technology, said.
‘The way we spend our time is also important, ‘ Mr. Barak said. “It was also an hour when the traffic jam satout, and it felt extraordinarily short when i got to a party with friends. “If we can get rid of the idea that “time is money”, we can focus more on the right goals.”
Abandon the clock timing
So, can we get rid of the watch? If you can leave the shackles of time, free life, such as sleep ingres to a natural wake,or go out at any time to take a step, it can help to restore the normal rhythm of the body to a certain extent.
“You don’t have to meditate for hours every day, just find a period of time and do whatever you want, which is good for your physical and mental health and can reset your relationship with the moment.” “
And in the long run, we also need to ask ourselves, “What kind of life do I really want to live?” “Adjusting to the circadian rhythm will greatly improve the well-being of life. If a society does not focus on work on all activities but more on individual well-being, relationships and the earth’s environment, then society will have a very different view of the value of time.
“Today’s economic model is extremely unsustainable, and all kinds of clock timing are closely linked to it,” Says Mr Ganji. If we can deeply and radically rethink the way we interact with the world, we can establish a different set of social frameworks and find a time pattern that matches it. “
This is not uncommon in the past. Even today, there are still areas that don’t follow the clock. In most parts of Ethiopia, for example, time is still judged by the height of the sun.
But is this working in other regions? Iceland, for example, has a very different pace of day and night change spacing from sub-Saharan Africa. Moreover, the modern world has been greatly reduced by aircraft and networks, is it really practical to introduce so many complex timing systems? These questions are worthy of our deep consideration. (Leaf)