Scientists have discovered a mysterious circular structure made from mammoth bones at a excavation site in Russia called Kostenski 11,media reported. The skeletal structure of this giant has been measured by radiocarbon and has been discovered for more than 20,000 years – possibly classifying it as the oldest circular structure of humans in the region.
The study, conducted in collaboration with international research institutions, was published Tuesday in the journal Sensey. The study revealed that 51 jaws and 64 individual mammoth skulls were used to build the 30-foot-by-30-foot outer wall of the unusual structure. In addition to the mammoth’s skull, scientists found the bones of reindeer, horses, bears, wolves and foxes about 300 miles south of Moscow.
“Kostenki 11 represents a rare example of living in Paleolithic hunter-gatherer in this harsh environment,” said lead author Dr. Alexander Pryor, an archaeologist at the University of Exeter, in a statement. “What brought the collectors of ancient hunters to this place?” One possibility is that mammoths and humans may enter the area together, as the local natural spring water provides unfrozen liquid water throughout the winter, which is rare during extreme cold periods. “
Scientists have also found charred wood in circular structures, leading them to conclude that wood and bones are being burned as fuel. In addition to wood, scientists found 50 charred plant seeds at the site.
“These discoveries provide new insights into the purpose of these mysterious sites,” Pryor said. Archaeology shows us how our ancestors survived such desperate cold and adverse conditions during the last ice age. Other places of similar latitude in Europe have been abandoned, but these groups have managed to adapt to finding food, shelter and water. “
Although scientists have a better understanding of what these circular structures are made of, they are not sure whether they are used for celebrations or for food storage, mainly because they have large diameters and are difficult to add roofs. “The unexpected discovery of short-term or low-intensity occupations found on K11-Ia raises important questions about the function and use of the structure of the circular mammoth bone, which requires significant time and effort to analyze,” the study said. “