Jean Macnamara, an Australian doctor and medical scientist, worked tirelessly to help people understand and treat all forms of paralysis, including polio, and her work later benefited from polio vaccine development,media reported. On Wednesday, local time, Google created a graffiti on the great woman’s 121st birthday to commemorate her understanding of paralysis and her contribution to improving the health and well-being of children.
Born in Beachwood, Victoria, on April 1, 1899, McNamara graduated from the University of Melbourne with a Ph.D. in medicine in 1925. A polio outbreak hit the city while she was a resident at the Royal Children’s Hospital in Melbourne.
At the time, polio was still a terrible disease that infected a person’s spinal cord and caused paralysis, sometimes to the death of children, and those who survived were likely to be disabled for life.
During this time, she worked with her former classmate, later Nobel Laureate Frank Macfarlane Burnett, who proved that there was more than one type of poliovirus, a discovery that proved valuable in the development of the Salk vaccine in 1955.
After leaving the hospital, McNamara continued to study polio, visiting clinics and research institutes in the United States and Europe and became interested in physical therapy for the disease, especially using splints to fix paralysed limbs until the damaged nerve recovered. She is understood to have spent most of her life dealing with polio patients, and she has developed restraint devices using a splint-making device.
In 1935, she was awarded the Order of the British Empire, Rank 2: Commander of the Order (DBE). McNamara died of a heart attack in 1969 at the age of 69.