What a painful understanding… Today’s horrifying news from Bloomberg came that the U.S. government is already preparing 100,000 body bags (50,000 more than the Department of Defense’s existing 50,000 inventory) for the death needs of the population (moving from hospital morgues to funeral homes). Anthony Fauci, the chief infectious disease expert in the United States, had predicted that the death toll from the new U.S. crown could eventually reach 100,000-240,000.
In the face of the brutal outbreak, Mr. Trump has finally changed his pretentiousness, reminding people that the next two weeks will be very, very painful. At yesterday’s White House press conference, U.S. President Donald Trump quietly changed the attitude of U.S. officials not to recommend people wearing masks at a White House press conference. “I think if people want to wear a mask, obviously there’s no harm, then wear it.” With a scarf is also possible. “
Fauci also said he tends to advise people to wear masks, as long as they don’t affect the supply of masks for health care workers; asymptomatic carriers are a major reason for him to change his attitude. “We don’t have to be 100 percent effective in recommending some kind of precaution.” He also revealed that the government’s new crown pneumonia task force has been actively discussing the issue of people wearing masks. Perhaps the U.S. government will soon issue official guidance on masks.
Two-and-a-half months have passed since the outbreak in China, and the United States has become the worst region in the world. As of this article, the number of confirmed cases of new coronary pneumonia in the United States has been close to 210,000, the death toll of more than 4,600 people. What’s more, there is no turning point yet. From 100,000 to 200,000 diagnoses, it took only five days in the United States.
Multiple reasons for not wearing a mask
Perhaps many domestic readers have previously watched the U.S. news when wondering why the U.S. outbreak is so serious, people go out or do not wear masks, even supermarket cashiers, police, such as high-risk people are also plain-faced, in some places even discriminate against and exclude people wearing masks. Aren’t the people of Europe and the United States afraid of the virus?
There are many reasons behind this, both traditional ideas and the influence of government propaganda. In the traditional concept of People in Europe and the United States, only patients and doctors will wear medical masks, ordinary healthy people will not go out to wear masks. Before the outbreak of the new crown, many hospitals in the United States provided free masks, patients at the front desk to take one to wear, so as not to infect others. Of course, after the outbreak, the United States can not buy masks everywhere, hospitals can no longer send masks.
And the government’s propaganda has a direct impact on the people’s psychology. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have repeatedly stressed that people are not recommended to wear masks to protect against new crowns unless they are patients who already have symptoms such as fever and cough. In the past two months, the mainstream Media in the United States has taken this position. But it’s important to note that the official U.S. language has always been not to recommend you to wear a mask, rather than to advise you not to wear a mask.
According to the official introduction of the United States, ordinary medical masks can not effectively block the new coronavirus, only medical N95 maskcan can really play a role, but n95 masks need to be worn correctly to work, but also can not be worn for a long time, should be left to the n95 mask to treat patients health care workers. The World Health Organization also stressed that the new coronavirus is not air-borne, but through droplets and contact transmission, so to maintain a 2 meters social distance and hand sanitization is the more important means of prevention.
Deborah Brix, a member of the New Crown Pneumonia Task Force, has previously highlighted an official objection to wearing masks: if people are widely recommended, they may be taken lightly to think that protection is effective and take them lightly, thereby forgetting to keep their social distance.
Asymptomatic is key
That’s why the epidemic has been so rampant in the U.S., people are still going out, and with the twin effects of traditional ideas and government propaganda, most of them believe that keeping their social distance and washing their hands often can protect against the new virus, and wearing a mask makes no sense. When they see a person wearing a mask, they will feel that the person is a patient, may carry the virus, must stay away, in order to discrimination, fear and abuse of wearing masks such extreme behavior.
So what’s the difference between wearing a mask and not wearing a mask? First not to mention whether medical masks can block the virus this point, but also assume that all people with symptoms are very self-isolated at home, completely with others.
However, there is an incubation period after the new coronavirus infection, and nearly a quarter of asymptomatic people. Both those who are latent and asymptomatic do not know they have a new coronavirus, and if they do not wear a mask, they are likely to spread it to people around them. What’s more, in places like supermarkets, it’s hard to always keep a social distance, and it’s hard to always have hands disinfected.
The U.S. pre-existing stream, the existing patient number level is not possible to do the flow, so there is no data to show how many new coronary confirmed cases are infected by the latent period and asymptomatic people. But now that the number of confirmed people is close to 200,000, it is likely to reach the million level in the future, and even if 100,000 body bags are being prepared, any means that may reduce the likelihood of infection should be promoted, potentially saving tens of thousands of lives, and masks are certainly one of the most important.
One case in Washington state: Although the outbreak in the state was already severe on March 10, there has been no confirmed case in Skagit Valley, a quiet town 100 kilometers north of Seattle. Sixty members of the church’s choir continued to rehearse with a lucky mentality, and none of the participants developed symptoms. The results were tragic: 45 people have been confirmed so far, and two have died.
Emergency gap cover of medical staff
Is it true that so many technocrats in the U.S. government didn’t realize this at all? There’s another deep erstwhile reason: there’s a severe shortage of masks in the U.S. The U.S. government has repeatedly stressed that N95 masks are not suitable for ordinary people, mainly because of concerns that people are snapping up masks, leading to the most protective health care workers more urgent gaps. Jerome Adams, the US medical director, has previously publicly urged people not to snap up masks.
While the U.S. government is already trying to raise supplies (to boost production at existing domestic factories, to switch to other domestic companies, and to purchase large-scale purchases from overseas), the current shortage of protective equipment for U.S. health care workers has not been alleviated, and many medical staff are working using ordinary surgical masks. Some hospitals have even forced health care workers to reuse disposable masks and banned them from bringing their own N95 masks. (Perhaps worried that one person would use an N95 mask, and everyone else would ask for it, and the hospital would not be able to provide it.) )
Of course, wearing a surgical mask doesn’t mean you can protect against the virus, changing your personal hygiene habits is even more critical. A habitual action can lead to the virus prevention work before the end of the work. A survey of medical students in the American Journal of Infectious Disease Control found that students still touch their faces an average of 23 times an hour after wearing masks. And the new coronavirus is an important way to spread is contact.
A 2007 study of physical virus prevention published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) showed that during the 2003 SARS outbreak, washing hands 10 times a day was 55 percent more efficient, compared with 68 percent for wearing masks, and 91 percent more efficient in blocking the virus if you wash your hands frequently and wear masks and protective clothing.
High-risk groups are in urgent need of masks
In fact, the United States is still in short supply of general surgical masks, from the end of January, major stores and e-commerce platforms have sold out of masks, restocking shops are few. In a sense, even if the U.S. government now advises people to wear masks all the way out, perhaps many people can’t buy them. Indeed, before the U.S. government changed its position, countries such as Austria, the Czech Republic and Slovakia in Europe had begun to require people to wear masks in public.
The last time I went out was last week, when i went out to buy food, and less than a third of the people who wore masks at costco still do. Santa Clara County, Silicon Valley, with a population of 2 million, has more than 400 confirmed cases, and local officials even estimate the actual number of people infected in the tens of thousands. Silicon Valley is definitely one of the most developed regions of the U.S. economy, and with a large number of immigrants, the proportion of masks should be much higher than in the rest of the country.
More worryingly, after the shutdowns across the United States, people in the necessary departments, such as supermarket cashiers, couriers and police, have to keep working, but they are not doing enough to protect themselves. U.S. supermarket cashiers are almost zero-protected, with no masks and no gloves;
Perhaps priority is given to ensuring that these high-risk workers wear masks, which is the Government’s next priority for epidemic prevention. San Jose has been a number of supermarkets staff infected with the new crown news, these supermarkets have closed down, some after disinfection to continue to open. The police are also a high-risk group. In New York City, where the outbreak is most severe, more than 1,400 police officers have been confirmed and another 4,000 are under quarantine.
Complex Causes of The Outbreak in the United States
Another personal feeling, the United States is a diversified country, with the most advanced level of economic science and technology, attracting the top scientific talent, but there is also a large number of anti-intellectual ignorance and non-scientific conservative people. These voters have important political influence that directly influences the current policies of the U.S. government. Early misleading statements by Mr. Trump and other administration officials have left the public unvigilant about the virus to some extent.
This is america’s election year, and the two-party feud has affected the psychology of both sides of the aisle. Conservatives had previously believed that the mainstream media had deliberately exaggerated the severity of the new coronapneumonia outbreak in an effort to crack down on Mr. Trump’s election. A PBS poll released on March 21st found that more than half of Republicans thought the threat of new-crown pneumonia was exaggerated, compared with just one in five Democrats.
Americans are also generally less concerned about international news, and it’s hard to expect any lessons they can learn from the devastating outbreak in Wuhan. Many states have been reluctant to adopt strict controls to take into account their economic interests. New York State didn’t begin enforcing the home order until March 22, when more than 8,000 cases were confirmed. Even with more than 20,000 confirmed cases in New York State, the federal government is still reluctant to impose the blockade, and New Yorkers continue to flock to other states. Florida has only officially issued a statewide home-stay order until today, and the number of confirmed people in the state now exceeds 7,000.
Moreover, many Americans are not disciplined at all and do not take the virus seriously. As in early Italy, home orders were not effectively observed. On the first weekend of Silicon Valley’s home-stay ingress, a large number of people feel bad, running to beaches and parks to breathe fresh air and even parking spaces. A church in Florida even held a religious event last Sunday.
It is no exaggeration to say that the new coronal pneumonia is the biggest public safety crisis the United States has faced since the 1918 influenza pandemic. No caution can be done before this century’s catastrophe. Wearing a mask is certainly one of the most important precautions to take. In fact, before the U.S. government changed its position, many people in New York City, including many white people, began to wear masks out of fear.