According to a new paper published in the Astrophysical Journal, scientists used data from NASA’s NICER telescope to reveal a huge burst of energy found about 11,000 light-years from Earth, foreign media BGR reported.
NICER is a high-tech sensor mounted on the International Space Station that detects amazing energy release from the SAX J1808 system. Unlike our own solar system, J1808 is a binary system, which means its “heart” consists of two celestial bodies.
For J1808, its main star is a neutron star, while the companion star is a brown dwarf star, which is cooler than the star and has a mass between the star and the planet. Neutron stars, also known as pulsars, collect gas from brown dwarfs, a relationship that often leads to a truly apocalyptic explosion.
The explosion itself lasts only a few seconds, but the energy released by the pulsar when it explodes in the outermost layer is incredible. As NASA explains in a new blog post, it takes 10 days for our sun to release the same amount of energy that pulsar beams release in 20 seconds.
Peter Bult, an astrophysicist and lead researcher, said: “This explosion was very prominent. We found a two-step change in brightness, which we believe is caused by the injection of layers separate from the pulsar’s surface and other features that help us decode these powerful events. “This is the largest X-ray explosion ever detected by the NICER Observatory.