Study shows benefits of using positive reinforcement to train dogs

According to foreign media BGR, more and more people are beginning to like to keep dogs, and correct their bad behavior and promote positive behavior methods. But in recent years, positive, reward-based intensive training has outpaced outdated negative-enhanced training, and a new study suggests that the former has more benefits.

Study shows benefits of using positive reinforcement to train dogs

For many people, negative intensive training is almost an instinctive response to dogs with bad behavior. For example, when you see a puppy urinating on furniture, you will subconsciously shout at the puppy. The puppies stopped what they were doing and eventually learned to worry about the consequences of those negative actions.

The study focused on the stress response of puppies trained using negative reinforcement techniques or positive reinforcement methods. The researchers used a sample of 92 dogs from seven different training schools and one of two training methods to count stress-related behaviors in each dog during and after training.

They found that dogs trained with negative reinforcement showed greater stress behaviors than puppies that were not trained to shout or pull a belt – including licking lips, yawning and lifting their paws. This is true both during and after training, which means that even if the dogs return home, the stress they are under will not return to normal.

This in itself was an important finding, but the researchers extra sampled stress hormone levels in each animal during the observations. In dogs trained with negative reinforcement methods, levels of the stress hormone cortisol increased during training.

Another experiment asked the dog to look in the room for a bowl full of food. The researchers trained the dogs to know that they would be rewarded when they found a bowl on one side of the room, but if they found the bowl on the other side of the room, the bowl would be empty.

They then place datreted the bowl in a random position in the room to see how the dog reacted. The puppies that received negative intensive training were more pessimistic and avoided bowls than those who received incentive training. The researchers explained it as depression in stressed dogs. In addition, the study showed that reward-based training had a clear advantage over the old method.

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