According to foreign media New Atlas, driverless technology could significantly impact the future of trucks over the next decade, and as we have seen in various trials around the world, formations may play an important role in this shift. Hyundai has now conducted its own formation test by testing two self-driving trucks on South Korean highways. In this test, Hyundai Motor said it had successfully carried out some key formation operations.
By enabling trucks to track each other autonomously in a neat form, truck formations can bring many benefits to the freight industry. These include reducing the number of road accidents and traffic congestion, and saving significant amounts of fuel, resulting in carbon dioxide emissions.
Daimler has tested its formation technology on U.S. highways. The company expects the overall fuel economy to improve by as much as 10 per cent with the use of automatic formation driving technology.
Like other companies in the field, modern formation technology is centered around vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication, enabling trucks in the fleet to understand each other’s speed and precise position on the road. The test was carried out on a 7.7-kilometer (4.8-mile) highway in central South Korea, which the government has reserved as a test site to develop self-driving technology.
During the test, two Hyundai Xcient trucks and other automated test vehicles drove into the highway. Hyundai says these automated test vehicles help simulate real-world driving conditions. In formation mode, the distance between the two trucks is 16.7 meters, automatically adjusting their braking and acceleration to keep the distance constant.
Other technologies on display today include synchronous emergency braking, video input shared by leading trucks, and the ability to accommodate other vehicles cut in between two connected trucks. When this happens, the tractor automatically increases its tow distance to 25 meters.
“We are confident that the industry-leading self-driving technology in the commercial vehicle industry used in this fleet truck demonstration will lead to a revolution in the freight and logistics industry,” said Rihan Ryu, Head of Electronic Control Engineering for Modern Motor Vehicles. We will strive to create constructive synergies by sharing our knowledge and experience in developing self-driving technologies in commercial and passenger vehicles to accelerate level 5 autonomous driving technologies. “