On May 1st, according tomedia reports, new estimates from the World Health Organization (WHO) indicate that about 500 million people worldwide have genital herpes and billions of people have oral herpes infections, highlighting the need to raise awareness and expand services for the prevention and treatment of herpes. According to the most recent year of available data for 2016, about 13 per cent of the world’s population aged 15 to 49 are infected with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2).
The virus is spread almost exclusively sexually, leading to genital herpes. Infection can cause up to one-third of infected people to relapse their genital ulcers, often in a very painful and painful nature.
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is mainly transmitted through contact with the mouth, leading to oral herpes infection – sometimes painful ulcers in or around the mouth (“lip herpes”). However, the virus can also be transmitted through oral sex to the genital area, leading to genital herpes.
In 2016, about 67 percent of the world’s population aged 0 to 49 was infected with herpes simplex virus 1 – about 3.7 billion people. Most of these infections are oral infections; however, an estimated 122 million to 192 million people develop genital herpes simplex virus type 1 infection.
Herpes and HIV
If infected, people infected with the herpes simplex virus type 2 virus are at least three times more likely to be infected with HIV. As a result, herpes simplex virus type 2 is likely to play an important role in the global spread of HIV. Women are more susceptible to herpes simplex virus type 2 and HIV. African women have the highest rates of infection and HIV infection in herpes simplex virus type 2, which puts them at greatest risk of HIV infection.
Incurable: Vaccination is key
Herpes is incurable. Antiviral drugs can help reduce the severity and frequency of symptoms, but they do not cure the infection.
Globally, people with genital herpes symptoms need to be more aware, have better access to antiviral drugs and strengthen HIV prevention. In addition, better treatment and prevention interventions, especially herpes simplex virus vaccines, need to be developed.
WHO says a vaccine against herpes simplex virus infection can not only help promote and protect the health and well-being of millions of people around the world, especially women, but could also have a potential impact on slowing the spread of THE disease if developed and delivered in conjunction with other AIDS prevention strategies. “