Media reported that IBM already owns 18 quantum computers, underscoring the company’s efforts to make such revolutionary computing devices. Given the high cost of such devices, the demanding requirements for operating environments, and the complexity of quantum computing itself, IBM’s financial and technical strength is also reflected from the side.
Infographic (from: IBM)
Dario Gil, head of ibm and a giant in quantum computing research, revealed the figure at Wednesday’s Think conference, adding three this quarter.
While the number of 18 units doesn’t sound like a lot, the weight scale and operating environment of each device is amazing because it has to operate at a low temperature near absolute zero.
By contrast, there are only five quantum computer labs near Santa Barbara, California, and only six quantum computers in Honeywell.
Although quantum computing is no longer in its infancy, the current development is still in its early stages, and the average user cannot easily own one at home.
The good news is that IBM has opened up cloud access to the outside world, and 230,000 people have experienced Q Experience to date.
In applications, IBM’s quantum computing service helped JPMorgan set the price of derivatives. In addition, Daimler implemented a physical simulation to try to improve the chemical properties of electric vehicle batteries.
Dario Gil predicts that in the future quantum computing loops could be embedded in classic programs, or a new computing device inspired by the structure of neurons in the brain could be created.
If all goes well, IBM will open up quantum computing services to more people, which the company calls “circuit-as-a-service),” as will Kevin Krewell, an analyst at Tirias Research.
Instead of reinventing a programming language, he says, IBM has added a widely used Python library. Of course, people who aren’t afraid of trouble can choose IBM’s new Qiskit platform for development.
(Video screenshot: Ibm research director Dario Gil)
IBM is understood to have worked to double the performance of quantum computers at least once a year for four years. It puts forward the concept of “quantum volume” and comprehensively evaluates the number of qubits in the machine and the reduction of error rate.
Unlike IBM, Honeywell is building another quantum computer called an “ion trap machine.” Not only does the operating temperature run slightly lower than IBM’s superconducting design, but it also promises to increase qubits at a rate of 10 times per year.
Even so, Dario Gil is confident in IBM’s approach. The quantum computer, codenamed Paris, now has 53 qubits, and IBM plans to further expand its systems and capabilities later this year, with more than a million working qubits expected in the future.