Xinhua News Agency, Urumqi, May 9 (Reporter Zhang Xiaolong) After six years of excavation, archaeologists from the Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology have basically determined that the Shichengzi site in Qitai County, Xinjiang, is the old site of the “Shule City” where Donghan Geng is stationed. Historically, the East Han General sat out a fierce battle with Hunnu here, and a number of heroes such as Geng Quan emerged. Now, with the efforts of archaeologists, this silk road town, which has experienced the blood and rain, is back to life.
After Lixia, Qitai County Jiangbrak Scenic Area, the sky high clouds light, green grass broke out, re-covering the bare mountain head. The slowly melting snow of Tianshan converges into a small river, moistening the hills in front of the mountain. By the archaeologists investigation and exploration confirmed that the famous dredging city on the mountain-shaped water, built on the ground on a mountain mouth, the north of the city, the west to build a wall, the east of the city, the south to the deep barrier, the terrain is steep, easy to defend difficult to attack.
The northwest corner of the “Shule City” building and the city walls (drone photo) was taken on June 22, 2017. Xinhua News Agency (Supplied by Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology)
Tian Xiaohong, deputy research librarian of Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, who is responsible for the excavation of the Shichengzi site, introduced that, according to the post-Han book, The school captain, Geng Quan, is looking at the deep side of the city, but according to the danger, only to move from Jincheng (in present-day Jimusar County, Xinjiang) to the city. The site of the Shicheng zi site, the north is connected with The Ishiguro, Jimusar and other oasis, south vietnam Tianshan can be to the Turpan Basin. The documented “to dredging the city next to the water can be solid” characteristics, but also with the city site.
The site also has a distinct military profile. Wu Yong, a research librarian at the Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology who participated in the excavation, said the city site was roughly rectangular, 380 meters long, 280 meters east-west, and a total area of about 110,000 square meters. The city walls are built, the north-west corner of the city walls and the northeast corner each have a corner building, the north wall has two horse noodles. There are moats about 10 metres outside the Western Wall. There is only one gate, located in the middle of the Western Wall. Among the unearthed relics are weapons such as armored machine parts, iron armor tablets, iron and copper arrows. “
The unearthed cultural relics of the Shichengzi site are mainly building materials such as gray ceramic bricks and tiles. Wadang face-to-face decorated clouds or geometric patterns, individual pottery surface is also engraved with the words “horse” “Song Straight”. The unearthed coin is five baht. Wu Yong said: “These objects are mostly relics of the Han Dynasty.” “
Since 2014, more than a dozen research institutes in the United Nations of the Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology have used technical means such as environmental archaeology, electro-magnetic (magnetic) forensics, and remote sensing to assist in the excavation work. The researchers used data from carbon 14 pairs of unearthed wood and bones to date the Stone City site to the age of the Two Han Dynasties.
Wadang unearthed at the site of Shichengzi, Xinjiang (photo taken on April 8, 2020). Xinhua News Agency (Supplied by Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology)
In 74 A.D., the East Han Re-established the Western Area in the Western Region, the captain geng quantun Jinman City. In 75 A.D., Jinman City was attacked by the Hunnu Army, and Geng’s Ministry retreated to the city. “Post-Han Book” records, Geng Quan “to a single soldier to stick to the lonely city, when the Hunnu rush, tens of thousands of people, for more than a month, the heart is exhausted.” Chisel mountain for the well, cooking for food, out of a million dead life hope.” There were only 26 people left when Geng retreated from the city.
Tian Xiaohong said that the Shichengzi site is not only the only ancient Han Dynasty site found so far in Xinjiang region with accurate and reliable ages, basic integrity, well-preserved condition and distinctive cultural characteristics, but also a historical witness of the effective governance and jurisdiction of the Western Region of the Han Dynasty, and it is possible to build a museum of archaeological sites around the site in the future.