Health care experts have found that while no one is really immune from the new coronavirus pandemic, some people are indeed more affected than others,media reported. One example is that men are more severe and have higher mortality rates than women after contracting the new coronavirus.
The report shows that 56 percent of the roughly 1.5 million people tested in the U.S. are women, but only 16 percent tested positive, compared with 23 percent of the 44 percent of men tested positive. Dr. Deborah Birx, the White House’s new coronavirus response coordinator, points out that this situation exists in men of all ages.
A new scientific study published this week brings more evidence that a certain enzyme in a man’s blood (angiocotic conversion enzyme 2, or ACE2) appears to be higher in the blood of men than in women. This enzyme helps the virus attack healthy cells.
The study, published Monday in European Heart Journal, also found that some heart failure patients — those taking drugs for the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system — did not have higher levels of the enzyme in their blood.
“ACE2 is a receptor on the surface of cells,” said Dr. Adrian Voors, a professor of cardiology at the University Medical Center in Groningen, the Netherlands, who led the new study. It binds to coronaviruses and is modified by another protein on the cell surface called TMPRSS2, allowing the virus to enter and infect healthy cells. High levels of ACE2 are present in the lungs, so it is thought to play a crucial role in the progression of lung disease associated with neo-coronary pneumonia. “
This is in line with the chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s study of nearly 45,000 cases of new coronary pneumonia. The study found that the fatality rate for new coronary pneumonia was 1.7 per cent in women, compared with 2.8 per cent for men. Meanwhile, an Italian study of 1,591 patients in the intensive care unit showed that about 82 per cent of those patients were male.
To be clear, the new study consistent with previous studies showing that men are currently considered to be one of several risk factors that make people more susceptible to the new coronavirus, and other factors include age and poor health.