A small number of fossils and tools unearthed in a cave in Bulgaria suggest that modern humans were present in Europe about 46,000 years ago, and that they may have interacted with Neanderthals for longer than previously thought,media CNET reported. Early modern human remains found in southeastern Europe are evidence of the oldest Homo sapiens in the region, according to two studies published this week in the journal nature and nature-ecology and evolution.
In addition, archaeologists have found a variety of unique stone tools at the site that show the tools of Homo sapiens and Neanderthals, suggesting that the two cultures may have been mixed during this period. The discovery, found in the Bacho Kiro cave in Bulgaria, includes remains such as bones and a tooth, as well as ornaments including pendants made from bear teeth. Previous Homo sapiens archaeological discoveries inside the cave walls date back to the 1970s.
Archaeologists who analyzed the morphological analysis of the remains and sequenced hard mitochondrial DNA and proteins in bone fragments suggest they belonged to the Homo sapiens group, which was about 42,000 to 45,000 years old, and they probably built their own homes in the cave. The analysis of radiocarbon dating dedifies these can be traced back to about 46,000 years. Neanderthals are thought to have lived about 40,000 years ago.
While this is important for determining the age of modern humans, it is also important to take into account the significance of ornaments found and the possibility that Homo sapiens tools may be used by another species. These ornaments provide additional evidence for the theory that the last species of The Homo sapiens met, using similar tools and pendants, and may have influenced some of their culture. Previous evidence also confirmed the hybridization of the two species — and modern humans and Neanderthals had some shared DNA, so scientists realized the overlap. The exact time between the first appearance of Homo sapiens and the decline of Neanderthals has yet to be determined, but evidence suggests that the two species are likely to be sharing cultural ideas.