With its unique advantages of flexibility and affordability, motorcycles are a popular vehicle for consumers around the world. However, in China, because of the motorcycle has a high traffic safety risk, inconvenient management and other issues, has been banned in many places. However, in recent years, with the upgrading of domestic traffic management technology and people’s awareness of traffic safety, motorcycles are also expected to usher in another spring.
According to domestic media reports, on the eve of the 2020 National Conference, Li Shufu (founder of Geely Automobile) announced three proposals: “To change the vehicle purchase tax from a central tax to a central local shared tax”, “move the car consumption tax collection link to the sales link and realize the central and local sharing”, “moderately liberalize the “ban on motorcycle” scientific planning city motorcycle driving” three proposals.
Among them, in the “moderate liberalization of the “ban on motorcycle” scientific planning of urban motorcycle driving” recommendations, pointed out the development of domestic motorcycle status, motorcycle for the current traffic positive significance, as well as moderate liberalization of the “ban on motorcycle” related recommendations.
The following is the full text of the recommendations:
Proposal on the moderate liberalization of the “ban on motorcycle” scientific planning of urban motorcycle driving
The motorcycle industry is a part of the travel industry, the development of motorcycle industry has made positive contributions to improving the life of urban and rural residents, expanding the export of mechanical and electrical products and the development of the national economy, and has accumulated valuable experience and technological innovation inspiration for the development of the automobile industry.
In 2019, China’s motorcycle production and sales were 17.37 million and 17.13 million, respectively, with 7.12 million units exported, generating more than 4 billion U.S. dollars in foreign exchange. 91 major motorcycle manufacturers achieved sales revenue of 102.8 billion yuan, total profits and taxes of more than 5.3 billion yuan, more than 800,000 related employees.
At its peak in 2007, China produced and sold more than 30 million motorcycles, accounting for 55% of the world’s total. However, due to the nearly 190 cities in the country, “ban”, resulting in market shrinkage, enterprise transformation and upgrading momentum is insufficient, technological progress has stagnated, competitiveness can not be continuously improved. Since 2007, China’s motorcycle production and sales have been declining at a rate of about 8% a year, and in 2016 total production has been exceeded by India. Japan’s Honda motorcycle sales exceeded 20 million units worldwide from April 2018 to March 2019.
At present, China is the only country in the world to implement the “ban on Morocco”. In Europe, Paris, Milan, Geneva and other places, the local government has formulated specific measures to integrate motorcycles into a diversified transport system, improve the mobility of traffic, advocate more motorcycles can drive less car, to offset the use of cars to bring fuel consumption, road access, parking space and other issues, to ease the pressure on people to travel. In South-East Asia, motorcycle production accounts for about 25% of global sales. In Vietnam, more than 20 million motorcycles travel through towns and villages every day, and that number is growing at the rate of hundreds of thousands a year.
The implementation of the one-size-fits-all approach of “prohibition of escrow” in various parts of the country has greatly inhibited the technological progress, industrial upgrading and structural optimization of the motorcycle industry, which has had a great impact on motorcycle exports and domestic sales. From the statistics of the Ministry of Public Security, the motorcycle accident rate is no higher than that of automobiles. Coupled with the implementation of China’s “Skynet” system in recent years, motorcycle-related crime rates will also be greatly reduced.
With high motorcycle access and low road use, a scientific study by the European Motorcycle Association suggests that a 10 per cent increase in motorcycles as a means of transport will reduce urban traffic congestion by 40 per cent. It is necessary to liberalize the “ban on motorcycles” moderately, treat urban motorcycle driving scientifically, pull the transformation and upgrading of the motorcycle industry, and comprehensively enhance the competitiveness of China’s motorcycle products in the international market. To this end, recommendations are made in the following areas:
First, the pilot part of the city to restore motorcycle licensing and passage, the development of motorcycle-related traffic management measures. In the formulation of traffic road management policy, the development of motorcycle-related traffic management methods, give full play to the strengths of motorcycles, to achieve urban traffic diversification, improve the efficiency of traffic. Adopt the method of limited licensing, plan and control the total amount of legal two-wheeler stod, and ensure that the composition of four-wheeled and two-wheeled, motor vehicles and non-motor vehicles is reasonably scientific, so as to maximize the efficiency of road utilization.
Second, re-establish the motorcycle driving test level, strengthen safety awareness training and operation of motorcycle management. Depending on the level of motorcycle displacement, it is necessary to implement the motorcycle driving license grading system. The special license shall be issued for the operation motorcycle (express, takeaway), which shall be managed by the operating entity in a unified manner, and shall bear the responsibility of training and management, and the operating motorcycle shall be managed separately by the individual motorcycle.
Third, to encourage motorcycle-related enterprises in the direction of new energy and motorization to increase research and development efforts, the introduction of a unified national electric motorcycle licensing policy. It is recommended to strictly implement the “Electric Bicycle Safety Technical Specification” (GB17761-2018) (referred to as the new national standard for electric vehicles) and the General Technical Conditions for Electric Motorcycles and Electric Mopds (GB/T24158-2018), and to change the long-standing “exceeding vehicle” disorder in the electric vehicle industry, so as to create a good competitive environment for enterprises. And refer to the new energy vehicle s(a)-e-branded subsidy, or the implementation of differentiated vehicle registration licensing and insurance methods.