The surface of Mars is covered with thousands of lava flows, like the volcanoes we see on Earth, according tomedia. Questions remain about what constitutes these lava flows. A new study from Lancaster University has solved the problem of massive flooding in the distant past of Mars.
According to the new study, these lava-like features on Mars are formed by the earth and the unique way it interacts with the Martian environment. The researchers found that, unlike the mud that spreads in large pools on Earth, the mud on Mars “accumulates” on itself to form a narrower, rounder channel and then winds out of the pool from the center.
From the video, European researchers can simulate this mud movement by using a room that simulates the Earth and Mars environment.
According to the university, the landscapes may have been caused by massive flooding, which wasetc to a huge channel on the surface of Mars. And these floods could cause water to seep into the Martian subsurface. The water may then appear in the form of mud that breaks from the frozen crust, which quickly freezes to form its own ice crust and thus forms a landscape.
But no rover has yet visited these areas on Mars, so that means researchers aren’t sure what they make up.