Last year, cognitive Technologies, an artificial intelligence development company, installed self-driving systems on combine harvesters operated by Russia’s largest agricultural holding company,media reported. The trial proved successful and the technology will be rolled out to 242 combine harvesters over the next year or so. The joint venture between Cognitive, Sherbank and Rusagro will equip the harvester with the technology during the harvest season in Belgorod, Tambov, Kursk, Orire and The Marina Krai from 2020-2021, with the first equipment to be installed next month.
“The use of automatic control systems during harvesting will minimize the risk of negative human factors and will optimize the use of combine harvesters,” says Roman Shkoller of Rusagro. “
It is understood that the three-stage autonomous driving system uses real-time data from a single camera, using convolutional neural networks for analysis, which allows the combine harvester to operate in ploughed/unploughed and cut/uncut fields. The Cognitive Agro Pilot unit is reported to be capable of working in all weather and light conditions and does not require A GPS. If the vehicle leaves the pre-specified route for any reason, the system issues a warning to the mandatory human operator in the cabin for manual correction.
Most of the time, however, manual operators monitor operations in real time and control the harvesting process, grain cleaning, and other aspects such as setting the enclosure angle.
Cognitive argues that the system — which can also be installed on other agricultural machinery such as tractors and sprayers — can reduce grain costs by 3 to 5 percent while significantly reducing losses during harvesting. The company says it now has a fully autonomous system on its development roadmap.