On Monday, Italy became one of the first apps to be opened to the public,media reported on Monday, when it released a new coronary pneumonia contact tracking app based on the Apple-Google Exposure Notification API. The app, called Immuni, is based on a new crown virus tracking developer framework released by Apple and Google on April 10. The Apple-Google API includes a variety of privacy protections such as decentralizing user data, using Bluetooth instead of location services, and so on.
Immuni was released to the public on 1 June and developed by the Italian Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Innovation, Technology and Digitalization. It can now be downloaded on the App Store.
Italy’s health ministry says the app will not and cannot collect any data that identifies users, and does not use GPS or geo-location information.
Like other apps based on the Apple-Google Exposure Notifications API, the app uses Bluetooth low-power signals to track other people they have come into contact with. If the person’s new coronavirus test positive, the recent contact will be warned and told to self-isolate and be tested.
The Italian side insists that all contact records and other data, whether stored on servers or user devices, will not be deleted no later than 31 December 2020 when they are no longer relevant.
Health experts say about 60 percent of people need to download the tracking app before they can function. According to Reuters, a May 26 poll showed that about 44 percent of Italians said they might or would definitely download Immuni.
The Italian app appears to be the first in the world to be released to the public. In late May, Swiss officials announced the first apple-Google API app, but the app is still in beta.
Other European countries, such as France and britain, have decided to abandon the Apple-Google framework in favour of their own solutions. However, these applications may face Bluetooth integration issues.
As for the United States, as of June 1, no state had adopted the bill. Several states have said they plan to test or use it, while states such as Utah have chosen their own solutions.