China has become the world’s largest source of artificial intelligence researchers. Nearly a third of America’s top researchers in artificial intelligence come from China. Matt M. McCullough, an analyst at the McLopolo think tank, said: “It’s a good time. According to Sheen, the U.S. government’s recent series of “expulsion policies” for international researchers will ultimately weaken the U.S. international competitiveness.
Where do the world’s top aI researchers work? More than half are in the United States.
Where are these top researchers working in artificial intelligence in the United States from? Nearly a third are from China.
Deng Li, Li Feifei, Shen Xiangyang… Today, artificial intelligence researchers from China are playing an unprecedented role in American universities, businesses, and any research group.
Some say that at least half of the studies that included Chinese names or even higher were found when they viewed the receiving papers of the major AI conferences.
But perhaps few have paid attention to how these top researchers in artificial intelligence have come to the United States from China and where the future will go amid the growing tension between China and the United States.
The issue is examined further by a recent survey by macro Polo, a think-tank affiliated with the Paulson Foundation.
To more accurately assess the flow trends of top AI scholars, the McLeopolthought think tank chose NeurIPS, a top conference in the field of artificial intelligence, which focuses on theoretical advances in neural networks and deep learning, which are seen as important sub-areas driving the latest developments in artificial intelligence. At the NeurIPS 2019 conference at the end of last year, 15,920 researchers submitted 6,614 papers with a final acceptance rate of 21.6%, making NeurIPS the most representative ai conference in terms of attendance, size and popularity.
They created a data set of researchers from 1,428 papers received, from which 675 authors’ information from 175 papers was taken as a study sample.
The results showed that nearly one-third of the researchers came from China (i.e., completed their undergraduate studies in China), and that researchers from China contributed more papers than researchers from any other country. But it also found that most of these people live in the United States and work for American companies and universities.
Talent Entry: Why America Became America
Artificial intelligence is becoming a new focus of international competition.
In 2017, the State Council issued the Next Generation AI Development Plan, which defines artificial intelligence as “a strategic technology leading the future”, noting that the world’s major developed countries have taken the development of artificial intelligence as a major strategy to enhance national competitiveness and safeguard national security, stepped up plans and policies, and stepped up plans and policies to strengthen deployment around core technologies, top talent, standards and norms, in an effort to take the lead in a new round of international scientific and technological competition.
Talent is a top priority. In order to improve the national competitiveness in the field of artificial intelligence, the most critical is to have the core technical personnel who have made key theoretical breakthroughs.
It has to be admitted that the United States is far ahead of other countries in terms of resources for top ai-intelligence researchers. In the Global AI Talent Tracking survey, The U.S. AI agency employs 60 percent of the world’s top researchers, six times the number of second-ranked China (10.6 percent) and the third-ranked Europe (10.2 percent).
It’s worth noting the source of these talents: U.S. researchers make up only about a third. Without continuous input from researchers from outside the United States, America’s advantage in talent could be greatly reduced. In particular, 27% of AI researchers are from China.
Undergraduate graduates of artificial intelligence researchers in U.S. institutions. Note: The survey used the countries and regions studied at the undergraduate level as the basis for the researchers’ origin.
China has become the world’s largest source of artificial intelligence researchers.
As can be seen from the above chart of the flow trends of artificial intelligence researchers, only 34% of the undergraduate-educated researchers in China are currently in China and about 56% travel to the United States for further study. After completing graduate studies in the United States, 88% of Chinese researchers chose to stay in the U.S. and only 10% returned to China. (This sample includes a combination of recent graduates, mid-career researchers, and senior researchers to reflect the average retention rates of all these groups.) )
This chart shows the academic background of the researchers, with 29 percent attending chinese universities at the undergraduate level, but this percentage has dropped significantly at the graduate level.
Why stay in the United States? For these people, perhaps in the United States to find more opportunities and a broader stage. The McCullough think tank also found that among the samples taken, the authors of the paper were Google, Stanford University, Carnegie Mellon University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Microsoft Research. Two of China’s best universities, Tsinghua and Peking University, are the only two Chinese institutions in the top 25.
Individual Destiny in the Gap of the Times
But policy factors are affecting the future of these top ai researchers, and will also have a profound impact on young Chinese students who plan to study in the United States or are in the process of studying.
Increasingly tight technology competition, combined with the impact of the new crown outbreak, has led to a series of changes in U.S. immigration policy. U.S.-China relations are at their lowest point in decades, and the Trump administration is taking action to restrict China’s access to advanced U.S. research.
Last month, the White House proposed plans to cancel visas for thousands of Chinese students whom the Trump administration believes may be involved in research in sensitive areas. The move is said to be an attempt to “combat intellectual property theft and other activities” because of suspicions that students from Chinese universities are coming to graduate and doctoral programs to engage in such activities at American universities. It is not immediately clear what specific lists of Chinese universities affected are available.
Such fluctuations could further strain relations between the world’s two largest economies and directly affect STEM researchers from China. If all international studentvisas are cancelled, Chinese and Indian students will be the most affected. Chinese students make up almost half of the number of international students in the U.S. artificial intelligence field. Policy changes may include suspending OPT programs, such as no longer allowing Chinese students to work in the U.S. for one to three years after graduation, or even directly denying visas to Chinese students in any STEM field.
In a New York Times report on the study, Lisa Li, a recent Chinese engineer who graduated from Johns Hopkins University, said it was a desperate practice to make international students a victim, like “killing a chicken with a golden egg”. Ultimately, it is America’s national competitiveness that has been undermined.
“Chinese-born researchers are common in the field of artificial intelligence in the United States. Deng Li, a former Microsoft researcher and now chief artificial intelligence officer of Citadel, a hedge fund firm, has contributed significantly to improving speech recognition technology, which is used in smartphones and digital assistant devices placed on coffee tables. Fei-Fei Li, a professor at Stanford University who has worked at Google for less than two years, helped drive a revolution in computer vision, a technology that allows software to recognize objects. “
Matt M. Smith, an analyst at the McLeopol think tank and one of the study’s authors, said: “It’s a good thing to do. Matt Sheehan, chief executive, said such a broad-based effort to block Chinese could undermine america’s leadership in artificial intelligence.
Future ai-technology breakthroughs depend on the efforts of researchers, but now, the time for technological breakthroughs is increasingly dependent on the attitudeofs of decision makers.
“They’re all the smartest people in China, and they’re going to work for Research Labs in the U.S., teaching in the U.S., working for companies in the U.S.,” Sheehan said. “