Online harassment remains one of the most difficult problems on the Internet, according tomedia reports, and new data suggests it will only get worse for minorities. According to a representative survey of U.S. citizens conducted by the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), about 35 percent of respondents said they were harassed online because of their race, religion or gender identity, up 3 percent from last year’s figure.
Overall harassment, which is not related to personal status, is also high among these groups. LGBTQ-plus respondents reported the highest levels of harassment, with 65 percent saying they had been harassed online, followed by Muslim respondents (42 percent) and African-American respondents (37 percent). However, the most common cause of harassment is the political views of the harassed, with 55 percent of those who say it is their motive for attacking their opponent.
But the survey also found that overall sexual harassment appeared to have declined, with 44 percent of respondents saying they had been sexually harassed online, compared with 53 percent last year. Incidents of “severe sexual harassment”, including sexual harassment, physical threats and stalking, also fell from 37 per cent to 28 per cent. Although harassment of LGBTQ-plus people was the highest of all groups, it was down from 76% last year.
“While online life may be ‘safer’ this year than last year, ultimately, living online as part of a marginalized group is more difficult and less secure,” the report’s authors wrote. Specifically, LGBTQ-plus individuals, Muslims, Hispanics or Hispanics, and African-Americans face particularly high rates of discrimination based on identity. “
The survey is based on a representative sample of about 2,000 Americans and is the first follow-up annual survey of the anti-defamation coalition ADL’s 2019 report, “Online Hate and Harassment: The American Experience.” As the study’s authors point out, data on online harassment is especially important at a time when global epidemics are forcing more people to work from home. Although the survey was conducted before the pandemic, the report showed that relying more on automated control systems led to more errors.
ADL CEO Jonathan a . “This survey reflects a moment before the new Crown pandemic and the death of George Floyd, and we believe that if the same investigation were conducted today, more people would likely report negative online experiences,” Greenblatt said in a news release. Serious cyber-harassment used to be a serious problem, and in our current environment, it is even more important that platforms and policymakers take action. “
Of the web platforms covered by the report, Facebook has the highest number of harassment incidents, both in terms of sheer number and from the percentage of everyday users. Seventy-seven percent of respondents who have been harassed online said they experienced at least some of the harassment on Facebook, up from 56 percent last year. This was followed by Twitter (27 percent), YouTube (21 percent) and Instagram (20 percent).
The survey also found that the vast majority of respondents (79 percent) want social media companies to do more to deal with online harassment. The biggest problem, however, seems not to be the policies maintained by these companies, but their willingness and ability to implement them.
In addition to proper enforcement, ADL recommends that users use new tools to easily flag multiple harassment incidents and conduct regular external independent audits of the platform to determine how their policies affect users. Unless companies are willing to do more, the hatred on their platforms will continue to grow.