Researchers develop urine tests to reveal eating habits that best suit people’s bodies

Researchers at Imperial College London, in collaboration with experts from a number of other institutions, have developed a urine test that includes “precise nutrition” information for patients. Simply put, this urine test can help clarify the ideal diet for your particular body, potentially help avoid disease and improve overall health and well-being.

Researchers develop urine tests to reveal eating habits that best suit people's bodies

According to Researchers at Imperial College, the new urine test takes only five minutes to produce results. Researchers have published two studies on the project. The test works by identifying 46 metabolites in the urine — metabolites that are produced when the body digests a variety of foods. Therefore, the test can reveal the quality of the diet people consume.

This test provides a more accurate picture of the patient’s diet than having a patient keep a food diary, as the latter may be incomplete or inaccurate for a variety of reasons. Metabolites can reveal about alcohol and different types of meat consumption, how many citrus fruits people eat, glucose and fructose, etc.

Researchers develop urine tests to reveal eating habits that best suit people's bodies

Of particular interest is helping doctors develop the potential of a “precision nutrition” diet that involves the ideal food for the patient’s own biology. The idea of a tailored diet is not new, and some studies have found that some people, for example, are better suited to a high-carbohydrate diet than others.

Dr Isabel Garcia-Perez, of Imperial College’s Department of Metabolism, Digestive and Reproduction, said: “Our technology can provide critical insights into how individuals process food in different ways — and can help health professionals such as dietitians provide dietary advice for individual patients. “