U.S. scientists have observed for the first time the very rare boson “triplets” generation event seisily at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (CERN) and its compact musole coil experiment (CMS), the physicist’s network reported Wednesday.
The latest observations relate to the generation of W or Z boson “triplets,” the researchers said. Bose includes photons, W bosons, Z bosons, gluons, and Higgs bosons. Both W or Z bosons carry weak force, but Z bosons are not charged. Weak force is one of the four basic natural forces of the universe (the other three forces are strong, electromagnetic and universal gravity), which are closely related to the radioactive phenomenon and the thermal nuclear process inside the sun. The standard model of particle physics is a theory that describes force, weak force, electromagnetic force, and the elementary particles (including bosons) that make up matter.
When a high-energy proton beam accelerated to a near-light speed collides head-on along the LHC’s circular orbit at several points, a boson “triplet” is generated – when two protons collide, the quarks and gluons inside the protons are forced to separate and the W or Z boson appears. In very rare cases, they appear in the form of “triplets” – WWW, WWZ, WZZ and ZZZ.
Zhang Zhicai of the High Energy Physics Research Team at the California Institute of Technology, one of the study’s lead researchers, said 10 trillion proton-proton collisions would produce one such “triplets” that are only a 50-50th chance of discovering the Higgs boson.
Previously, scientists had observed and measured the production of two large-mass bosons on the LHC, but this was the first time that the production of boson “triplets” had been observed.
Harvey Newman, head of the high-energy physics team, explained: “By looking at the rotation and distribution of galaxies, we know that dark matter plays a gravitational role, but the standard model does not contain dark matter, dark particles, or even gravity, and we speculate that there are more fundamental theories waiting for us to discover than the standard model.” “
The LHC is currently upgrading, scheduled for 2021,”””return to the king, and will run until 2024, before upgrading again to increase its data collection capacity by 30 times, and the “High Brightness LHC” program will run for 10 years from 2027.
By collecting more data on such events and other rare events, researchers will be able to test predictions of standard models with greater precision, eventually discovering and studying new interactions that go beyond the standard models, Newman said.