July 7 news, according tomedia reports, the world together to create 5G. But now, the next generation of wireless technology is dividing the world. The latest version of the 5G specification, expected to be released on Friday U.S. time, will add features that connect self-driving cars, smart factories and IoT devices to high-speed 5G networks. These blueprints reflect efforts to work together to develop 5G technologies around the world, with contributions from more than a dozen companies in Europe, the United States and Asia.
However, 5G is also dividing the world, with relations between the US and China at the centre of a tug-of-war. The current situation is exacerbating global divisions over 5G deployments. More and more countries are choosing either 5G technology in Western countries or 5G technology in China.
Scott Wallsten, president of the Technology Policy Institute, a think-tank, said: “National security and business interests are intertwined and it is difficult to separate them. “
The original way 5G was created and the current deployment approach brought to the West a continuing challenge – how to balance healthy competition and cooperation, while facing China’s rise to balance the country’s own interests.
Huawei is the focus of the current 5G divide. Huawei is perhaps China’s most important technology company, with a prominent position in network ingress, smartphones and chips. It has become a symbol of China’s ambition to dominate technology through innovation.
The United States and some allies, including Australia, New Zealand and Japan, have banned Chinese telecoms companies such as Huawei and ZTE from building their networks. Others are hesitant to join the ranks that exclude Huawei and other Chinese companies. Argentina, Brazil, Russia, the Philippines and Thailand all accept China’s 5G technology.
A key question is how such differences will affect the development of standards that should be open and globally harmonized. “We run the risk of further dividing the Internet and the standards of different networks connecting to each other.” Wolsten said.
Even if 5G is supposed to be a true global standard of communication, its technology plans reflect changes in national power and the resulting tensions.
The 5G standard plans to have a wireless network speed of up to 1GB per second, 50 times faster than the average U.S. broadband speed, and with little delay. Think of high-end games without any delay, or robots running on cloud-hosted artificial intelligence. Of course, 5G is also expected to generate innovations and companies that could change the landscape of technology. The technology could generate trillions of dollars in global economic contributions in the coming decades, according to estimates by several research institutions. No wonder every country wants a piece of it.
The 5G Specification was developed by the International Standards Organization 3GPP, a coalition of standards organizations from the United States, Europe, China, Japan, India and South Korea. The alliance is making final changes to the 16th edition of the 5G specification, which will complement features that involve switching devices between the wider wireless spectrum, providing precise positioning, car-to-car connectivity, and more reliable, al-instant communication, which is critical for industrial use.
Many companies have contributed to the drafting of 5G specifications, but compared with previous 4G standards, the new standard reflects the change of the lead from the United States and Europe to China. According to a 3GPP specification contribution analysis released last August by IHS Markit, Chinese companies contribute about 59% of the standard, with Huawei accounting for the bulk. The 4G standard is developed by European and American companies.
“The U.S.-led 4G standard is developed,” said Charles Clancy, vice president of the nonprofit MITRE Intelligence Program and a 5G security researcher. The organization is committed to managing U.S. research projects. “At the same time, Huawei has quietly become a global leader in recent years, ” Clancy said. They gradually took control of the standard-setting alliance, and China began to dominate the development of 5G standards. Huawei declined to comment.
It is hard to estimate how much China’s role in setting standards will benefit it , or how much the US will lose . Setting technical standards gives hardware manufacturers an advantage in developing products that use these standards. Huawei has also been accused of making it difficult to match other devices with its hardware. A November study by the Center for the New American Security warned that 5G could be widely used for a variety of uses, and that the US could suffer economic losses if China were allowed to go too far.
However, competition can make things trickier. Last month, the U.S. government clarified a rule that would allow U.S. companies to cooperate with Huawei on technical standards, but an earlier version apparently led U.S. companies to reduce their involvement in standard-making.
Others seem to want to profit from china’s differences. NTT Docomo, Japan’s leading telecoms operator, has acquired a 5% stake in hardware maker NEC, and the two companies outlined their plans for a 5G global market competition. The Japanese government has also said it plans to introduce the Japanese version of 5G technology.
5G has also spawned a number of new national alliances, including the D-10, which Britain seeks to form. The alliance focuses on technologies such as 5G and global supply chain cooperation.
Sam sacks, a cybersecurity policy researcher at New America, a US think-tank, and China’s digital economy, points out that the US is increasingly adopting more proactive strategies to promote investment in chip manufacturing technologies and to promote open communication standards in the face of competition with China in areas such as artificial intelligence, chip development and 5G.