North Atlantic right whales, 33 lemurs and even European hamsters are considered extremely endangered, according to the latest red list of endangered species released Thursday by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN),media reported. The new list includes more than 32,000 species currently threatened with extinction. According to the new list, more than 250 adult North Atlantic right whales are alive by the end of 2018, a 15% decline since 2011
This decline was attributed to injuries to them by fishing gear and vessels, and another reason for the decline in whale reproduction rate slower than in previous years.
Jane Smart, global director of the IUCN Biodiversity Conservation Organization, said in a statement Thursday: “The dramatic decline in species such as North Atlantic right whales underscores the magnitude of the extinction crisis. Saving a rapidly growing number of endangered species from extinction requires transformational change, complemented by action to implement national and international agreements. The world needs to act quickly to stop the decline in species and human-induced extinction. “
The lemurs, including Verreaux’s lemur and Madame Berthe’s small-mouthed lemur, which is thought to be the world’s smallest primate, are also threatened with extinction. A total of 33 species of fox apes are currently critically endangered due to deforestation and hunting in Madagascar, with 103 of the 107 surviving species endangered, according to the new list.
“The update of the IUCN Red List demonstrates the importance of protecting the Earth’s biodiversity, especially species like the fox, which are geographically limited, making these species less resilient to habitat destruction,” Sean T. O’Brien, President and CEO of IUCN, said in a statement. We need to protect the planet’s unique biodiversity and we must look for opportunities to use data, science and technology to prevent mass extinctions on a global scale. “
In Africa, an estimated 53 per cent of primatespecies (54 out of 103) are also at risk of extinction. This includes all 17 species of red warthog monkeys, which are now the most threatened monkeys in Africa.
In Europe and Russia, European hamsters are expected to become extinct within the next 30 years unless their condition changes, according to the IUCN. The number of hamsters in Europe has declined significantly due to the disruption in reproduction rates.
In fact, animals aren’t the only ones in trouble. The world’s most expensive fungus, the winter worm summer grass, has also been over-harvested to meet the growing demand of Traditional Chinese medicine for lung and kidney disease. It is reported that the expensive fungus can usually sell for $50,000 a pound.