Beijing time july 23 news, according tomedia reports, curiosity is a sign of human experience, why human curiosity? Human desire for understanding and cognition is the driving force behind our evolutionary success as an individual and even as a higher intelligent species, prompting us to innovate and progress, but curiosity is also very dangerous, leading to mistakes and even major failures, so why does this impulse drive us so often in life?
In other words, why are humans so curious? Given the complexity of curiosity, what definition does scientists have of this innate driving force?
People’s curiosity is innate and deeply rooted, and it helps us to learn in our infancy and compete for survival in adulthood. But as for definitions, there is no fixed pattern, and researchers in many disciplines are interested in curiosity, so it is not surprising that curiosity does not have a widely accepted definition. William James, an early modern psychologist, called curiosity “an impulse to promote better cognition”, and Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist, once said that animals also had curiosity, and that dogs passed through “What is this?” “Reflections, curious about new stimuli, allow them to naturally focus on and incorporate new things into the environment.
Catherine Toomey, a lecturer in language and communication development at the University of Manchester in the UK, says that while it can be tricky to define, it is widely seen as an important tool for gathering information.
At the same time, some psychologists believe that curiosity is not an intrinsic driving force to meet current needs, such as hunger and thirst.
Curiosity drives people to explore the world.
Curiosity encourages many ways of acting, and perhaps no single “curiosity gene” makes humans curious about the world and exploring their surroundings. In other words, curiosity does have genetic factors, and genes and the environment interact in a variety of complex ways to shape individuals and guide their behavior, including their curiosity.
A 2007 study published in the Journal of Biological Sciences b of the Royal Society found that researchers found changes in a specific gene type that were more common among songbirds who were particularly keen to explore the environment. In humans, a genetic mutation called DRD4 is associated with a tendency to pursue novelty.
Regardless of each person’s genetic makeup, babies must learn a lot of information in a very short time, and curiosity is one of the tools for humans to accomplish this huge task. “If babies don’t have curiosity, they’ll never learn anything and they won’t be able to improve their cognitive abilities,” Toomey said. “
Hundreds of studies have shown that babies like novelty, and a leading 1964 study by a psychologist confirmed that babies between 2 and 6 months of age are more interested in observing things in a complex visual pattern. A 1983 study published in the Journal of Developmental Psychology showed that older babies (8-12 months) would prefer new toys when they were tired of playing with familiar toys, a phenomenon that guardians know well.
This preference for novelty is defined as sensibility, which is why non-human animals, human babies, and adults explore and search for new things before they lose interest in them after continuous exposure to them. These studies show that babies have always done this, and the language is an example.
“The most curious exploration babies do is to systematically learn the language, and most babies start learning to speak in the process of making voiceless and repetitive, similar sounds, and the language shows the effects of their emotional curiosity, starting with a completely random exploration of what their vocal organs can do, and eventually they think of something, and then sound like something like this sounds like what my parents are doing, and then they try and practice again and again.” “
Not only are this phenomenon occurring in babies, crows are also known for their intellectual curiosity as a way to learn, for example: curiosity as a driving force for exploring the environment helps crows learn to create simple tools that they use to catch insects, or use stones to drink water in bottles.
Explore the new knowledge realization “for my use”
Toomey points out that another kind of curiosity is unique to humanity, which psychologists call cognitive curiosity, which is about seeking knowledge and eliminating uncertainty, and that thirst for knowledge may occur later in life and may require complex language.
This peculiar curiosity distinguishes humans from other animals, laying the foundation for humans to spread to every corner of the world and providing a driving force for the invention of hand axes to smartphones, says AugustinFuentes, a professor of anthropology at Princeton University in the United States.
“Humans have a unique curiosity, not only to simply adjust the natural environment, but also to imagine and potentially create new things based on that curiosity,” Fuentes told reporters. “
But curiosity comes at a price, just because humans can imagine something and don’t make a difference, doesn’t mean it makes any sense, at least from the start. In some cases, when curiosity drives people to do certain things, although the risk is low, curiosity-driven attempts can be part of the healthy growth of humanbeings, for example, many babies are very skilled creepers, but they decide to try to walk, they need to take into account the surrounding things, it is easy to fall.
Toomey points out that infant toddlers are an important part of human growth, and the price they pay is low. A study of infants aged 12-19 months often falls while toddlers, and, to be precise, falls an average of 17 times an hour, but they learn to walk less than they learn to crawl, eventually making them skilled walking and running. The study is currently published in the Journal of Psychological Science.
However, sometimes testing a new idea can lead to disaster, Fuentes said: “Curiosity may be the cause of the vast majority of humans going extinct.” “For example, the Inuit people living in Arctic Greenland, Canada and Alaska, and the Sami people in northern Europe have created incredible ways to meet the northern climate challenges, but we may forget that this is the constant attempts and failures of thousands of people to survive these extreme conditions.”
Ultimately, scientists are concerned about the close relationship between curiosity and human existence, and it turns out that not all curious humans can pass on their exploration habits to future generations, but curiosity has helped create such a great species. (Leaf Town)