Astronomers have made an exciting discovery using Japan’s Subaru telescope,media reported. Scientists have discovered a new galaxy with very low oxygen levels. According to the researchers, the galaxy has only 1.6 percent of its oxygen content. The very low oxygen concentration in this galaxy suggests that most of these stars are recently formed, at least within the Milky Way. It is very difficult to spot galaxies in the early stages of formation by using widefield data, which contain swells up to 40 million objects.
Researchers have developed a new method of machine learning to help discover galaxies from large amounts of data. Computers have been repeatedly taught to learn the colors of galaxies from theoretical models and then select only those that are in a low-oxygen state in the early stages of formation. The name of the newly discovered galaxy is HSC J1631 plus 4426.
The researchers also note that it is very rare to find galaxies in such an early stage of formation. The galaxy is one of 27 galaxies selected by computer artificial intelligence for venus follow-up observations, and may be still in its early stages of formation. It is reported that HSC J1631 plus 4426 is located in Hercules constellation, about 430 million light-years from Earth.
Other details about the galaxy include its very small, 800,000 solar masses, about 1/100,000 of the Milky Way. It has an oxygen enrich of 1.6%, the lowest ever recorded. There is no indication yet of how old the galaxy is, but the time scale of the galaxy is huge compared to the life span of humans.