The 5G standard is rapidly evolving from cellular to direct communication between any two devices.

Early mobile standards, such as 4G and 3G, focused on one thing: cellular networks. 3GPP, the industry group that sets cellular standards, completed 5G Release 16 last month, and the previousrelease of Release 15 is still focused on cellular services, but Release 16 lays the groundwork for new services.

It expands 5G network services from cellular networks to connect ingons, cars, and factories. Researchers and engineers believe that 5G will be able to connect anything wirelessly.

The most dazzling of release 16 is the V2X, which stands for To Vehicle Everything, which uses 5G for communication between cars.

Hanbyul Seo, LG’s engineer and project reporter, says the most challenging thing is to provide high data throughput, reliability, and low latency. Early standards involved only hundreds of bits of information, 90 percent reliability, and hundreds of milliseconds of latency, and the new standard increased throughput by gigabytes per second, 99.999 percent reliability, and milliseconds of latency.

According to Matthew Webb, another huawei representative at 3GPP, Release 16 introduced a new technology called Sidelinks, which allows 5G-connected cars to communicate directly between cars without having to go through the base station cell tower. Tseng points out that in theory Sidelinks could be used for direct communication between any two devices, such as factory robots and IoT devices.                     

The 5G standard is rapidly evolving from cellular to direct communication between any two devices.

The 5G standard is rapidly evolving from cellular to direct communication between any two devices.

The 5G standard is rapidly evolving from cellular to direct communication between any two devices.