BEIJING, Nov. 22 ( Xinhua) — According tomedia reports, the Recent International Space Station for the first time in six months for the first time in six months only three astronauts, the space station in 2020 will reduce space tests, astronauts must face the loneliness of space. There are currently six astronauts on the International Space Station, 408 kilometers above the ground, but soon life will become dull and the new spacecraft that will carry astronauts into space will be delayed again, meaning that there will be only three astronauts on the station in 2020, and they will be the only residents of the station for the next six months.
There are only three astronauts on the space station in 2020, and they are the only residents of the station for the next six months, and their space life will suffer more loneliness.
It’s the first time since 2009 that the station has only three permanent occupants, and in 2009 it was expanded to accommodate six people at the same time.
In 2020, three astronauts will arrive at the International Space Station aboard the Russian Soyuz spacecraft: American astronaut Chris Cassidy, Russian cosmonaut Nikolai Tikhonov and Andrei Babkin Babkin, since the u.S. space shuttle was decommissioned in 2011, all astronauts to the International Space Station have been transported by the Soyuz spacecraft, carrying three people at a time. Each time the Soyuz spacecraft entered the space station, it was like a lifeboat, bringing home the station’s longest-serving astronauts, usually three new astronauts arriving at the International Space Station in a few weeks’ time, with six astronauts on the Station at any one time, except for a brief rotation of astronauts.
This space operation has been going on for nearly a decade, but by 2020 NASA has decided not to buy Soyuz seats and will rely on contracts with SpaceX and Boeing to transport astronauts, but the commercial spacecraft program has been delayed several times and Boeing’s parachute has malfunctioned. SpaceX’s Dragon spacecraft exploded during testing.
In 2010, when NASA was preparing to halt the space shuttle program and invest $50 million in commercial companies to design the space shuttle, it was impossible to determine when it would be ready because commercial spacecraft would need to pass rigorous safety tests, during which time Soyuz was responsible for transporting American astronauts. For now, NASA has decided not to pay for the Soyuz spacecraft in 2020 and is preparing to use commercial spacecraft to transport astronauts.
Over the years, the space station’s exploratory scientific experiments have yielded some important discoveries that could be crucial if humans want to explore space further. Scientists have previously revealed the effects of microgravity on the human body and the source of cosmic rays. But if astronauts need daily maintenance on the space station, there will be fewer astronauts on the station and less time for other space activities.
“We can conduct a lot of long-range command tests on the ground, we can choose first, and the space agencies that manage the tests have to choose to devote the limited time of the astronauts to specific projects and press the pause button in experiments that require more human intervention,” said Rudiger, head of the space training team at the European Space Agency’s Astronaut Center. “
But some trials may be conducted without human intervention, says Laura, founder of consulting firm Astralyt, who has worked at the space station’s national laboratory. Even if the space station has only three astronauts, they may reach a working agreement, and some experiments can be successfully completed in a quiet environment. “
A smaller number of astronauts on the space station means more resources, with the International Space Station divided into two parts: the U.S. and Russian modules, where Russian cosmonauts conduct scientific experiments separately, while astronauts from the United States, Europe, Japan and Canada operate in the U.S. capsule, and if the number of astronauts is small, they must work closely together. If there were only one U.S. astronaut, two Russian cosmonauts would need to be trained to operate the U.S. capsule’s instruments, such as: U.S. and Russian cabins are all in their spacesuits and perform different operations, but they all need to be trained in the presence of a small number of astronauts. Know how to operate all the instruments and equipment, and deal with all the situations that may occur.
“The fact is that it’s not easy to get into the U.S. capsule from the Russian cabin, and astronauts need to be specially trained to make sure they respond to all emergencies,” Senna said. “
While some of the experiments could be done on their own, the astronauts involved did not think that the scientific experiments on the space station were only part of the astronauts’ work, and that they needed space and rest time to spend their lives, as they did on working days on Earth, in the evenings and on weekends. Such experiments may require multiple astronauts to complete them. Currently, astronauts Chris Cassidy, Nikolai Tikhonov and Andrei Babkin won’t see anyone else until spring 2020 until their mission ends by the end of 2020.
2020 could be the last “quiet year” for the space station, NASA says. If space tourists are willing to pay a fee of 275,000 pounds, space travel to the space station will be expected in 2020, not the first time a non-professional astronaut has reached the station, after seven people who had not been trained by a professional space agency had successfully arrived on the station. This does not mean that they are “fixed loads” and that they are assigned tasks and done their best, whether or not they have professional skills.
But until then, the three astronauts will have to endure the stress of loneliness, and the study found that in addition to adapting to the psychological effects of new space environments, astronauts often struggle with anxiety and depression. Although astronauts on the International Space Station have been busy with scientific experiments and routine maintenance on the station, they schedule time for socializing and at least one meal a day to communicate with family and friends.
Michael Lopez-Alegria, the longest-stayed U.S. astronaut to date on the International Space Station, had few astronauts when he landed on the station in 2006, with only two astronauts with him. During his mission he tried to do everything in his way not to feel lonely.
“I like small teams because we’re more likely to stick together, and when more astronauts join, there’s a regional cultural difference, and when there’s a Russian astronaut on the space station, the other is either a German astronaut or an American astronaut, it’s easy to communicate, and it’s cohesive,” he said. “
Alegria discovered that gazing at the Earth on the space station can make it feel closer to home, and in 2010 the International Space Station added an observation module that provided a larger window into the astronauts’ mental health, saying, “Whenever I gaze at Earth in the observation module, I wish I could return to Earth.” “