According to a study published in the journal Nature Precision Oncology, Australian researchers have found that bee venom can kill breast cancer cells quickly. The study also found that the main components of venom combined with existing chemotherapy drugs can effectively reduce tumor growth in mice.
Dr Ciara Duffy, of the Harry Perkins Institute of Medicine, who worked on the study, hopes to develop a treatment for triple negative breast cancer. Triple negative breast cancer accounts for 10% to 15% of breast cancer, and there is no clinically effective targeted therapy.
Studies have shown that a specific concentration of bee venom kills three-negative breast cancer and HER2-rich breast cancer cells in 60 minutes, with little effect on normal cells.
According to Dr Duffy, the ingredient in the venom, called melittin, is the killer that causes cancer cell deaths. Melittin’s role is to enter the cytosteome membrane, forming pores that cause cell death. Another effect of melittin is to interfere with the cancer signaling path, which is the basis for the growth and replication of cancer cells.