Super high-speed rail or starship Musk which idea will change the traffic of the future.

According tomedia reports, the way we travel by road, rail, air and sea is changing. This change may be gradual and may dramatically change our lives. The conservative vision for transportation in the future is to gradually improve existing cars, trains, ships and aircraft, but there are also new concepts.

Some of these concepts have been around for decades, but supporters insist they have been unfairly ignored. Others are emerging technologies such as Hyperloop, Starship and airships. Here’s a summary of the boldest ideas about the future of transportation.

Super high-speed rail or starship Musk which idea will change the traffic of the future.飞行汽车和超级高铁吊舱渲染图

Super high-speed rail.

Perhaps the most exotic traffic concept of the past decade has been super-high-speed rail. In this system, decompression pipes will whizz around the world at speeds of more than 1000 km/h. Back in 2013, Elon Musk, Tesla’s founder and SpaceX founder, gave the project its initial impetus in a 58-page presentation.

In 2014, Musk proposed the concept of “open source”, allowing others to develop it. Since then, about six companies have taken up the challenge, most notably Hyperloop One. After British tycoon Richard Branson joined in 2017, the company changed its name to Virgin Hyperloop One, now known simply as Virgin Hyperloop.

All interested agencies have come up with similar designs and the use of maglev passenger compartments in low-pressure tubes to achieve tremendous speeds at very low energy levels.

Part of the problem is that maglev itself has long been seen as the rail vehicle of the future, but it has not been able to flourish because of the huge cost of building tracks and embedding powerful magnets in concrete. The large and bulky infrastructure also makes getting on and off the bus tricky and slow. Metal tracks may take only one second, while magnetic levitation can take several minutes.

However, despite the longer deadline, the idea of super-high-speed rail has not been abandoned. Virgin Hyperloop and its rival TransPod are building or extending test tracks and signing agreements on the first lines scheduled to open by the end of the century.

Virgin Hyperloop plans to build a route from Mumbai to Pune in India. TransPod has just signed an agreement with the Alberta government in Canada to begin preparations for an intercity line between Edmonton and Calgary, which will begin construction in 2025.

At the same time, a consortium of other super-high-speed rail companies has joined forces to standardize their technologies and ensure cross-border interoperability in order to build a network of super-high-speed rail across the continent.

Possibilities to change the world: 80%

Possibility of becoming a reality: 40%

Airship.

We all seem to be yearning for the revival of the airship, which was abandoned when the Hingenburg caught fire. The concept existed a long time ago. In the UK, for example, Hybrid Air Vehicles is developing two airship models, one of which is expected to carry 200 passengers or 60 tonnes of cargo and last more than 7,400 kilometres. The company’s roots date back to projects in the 1970s.

Despite concerns about slow speeds, susceptible to storms and supply supplies, the cleaner, cheaper concept of passenger and freight is available almost anywhere without the need to build airport infrastructure, attracting many people. Ocean Sky Cruises is reportedly already selling tickets to the Arctic for Rmb450,000 per couple. Lockheed Martin also equipped the airship prototype with its own slogan: “No roads, no runways, no problems.” “

As a result, airships seem to be the perfect choice for extreme markets, offering high-end luxury travel to a small number of people and delivering relief supplies in hard-to-reach areas. They can stay at high altitude for several days each time they lift off, which also makes them useful for monitoring and monitoring, such as forest fire detection. But these are still niche areas, and it’s hard to see them becoming mass-market game-changers in the sky.

Possibilities to change the world: 60%

Possibility of becoming a reality: 80%

Manned flight.

You may have seen a video of Richard Browning making a jetpack that can be packed in several suitcases. The device, which weighs 27 kilograms and is equipped with five turbines, can reach speeds of up to 137 kilometers per hour and lasts about 10 minutes. Browning admits that it is unlikely to become a form of public transport any time soon because of the noise and potential dangers.

But the jetpack proves the continuing allure of this ancient dream: “Feel your feet off the ground,” as Browning describes it, “the ultimate freedom to truly fly.” “

However, the greatest dreamers are not interested in jetpacks. Hugh Herr is in charge of the Biometric Electronics Team at MIT’s Media Lab. As a leg amputee, he is trying to make the brain control prosthetics as easily as he controls natural limbs, which he calls NeuroEmboded Design.

These prosthetics do not have to be similar to existing limbs. “In the 21st century, designers will expand the nervous system into powerful exoskeletons that humans can control and feel with the brain,” he said. I believe humans will be superheroes, and the best place to start is to design your costumes and cloaks. “

Changing the world may: 100%

Possibility of becoming a reality: 10%

Extraternally space flight.

Last month, Musk’s SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket made history, making it the sixth rocket to be launched and recycled. Reusable rockets are one of the reasons space flight has become so cheap, reducing the cost of a kilogram of items into orbit from $50,000 in the space shuttle era to about $1,500 today.

Falling costs could also make it economically possible for what Musk this summer called a “hypersonic tour of the Earth,” using a tool called a starship. He said the first manned test flight of the starship will take place around 2025. The demo video shows the passengers leaving the Manhattan pier at 6:30 a.m. and being quickly taken by boat to a floating launch pad (30 kilometers offshore) and launched to Shanghai at 7 a.m. for a 39-minute trip.

The rocket will be huge in size, with a larger cabin than the airbus A380, the largest passenger jet, and can hold up to 1,000 people, who will need to fasten their seat belts like a roller coaster ride. Even the promotional videos make it look like a painful trip. Musk himself admitted: “It basically landed like an intercontinental ballistic missile flying Mach 25.” “

But for those who rarely eat breakfast and can afford more than $1,000 in airfares, the journey time from London to Los Angeles will be reduced from 10 and a half hours to 32 minutes, and the journey time from London to Hong Kong will be reduced from 11 hours and 50 minutes to 34 minutes. “It’s possible,” Musk insisted. “

The South African-born entrepreneur has a credible record of making unlikely things possible. Tesla’s strong performance is one of the reasons he is now the third richest person on the planet. But he wasn’t the only one trying to regain the supersonic intercontinental travel ambitions that had been lost with the demise of the Concorde.

In August, Branson’s Virgin Galactic signed a partnership with Rolls-Royce to build an aircraft that can hold up to 19 passengers and fly at three times the speed of sound at an altitude of more than 18,000 metres, reducing the flight time from London to New York to 90 minutes.

One of the main challenges of this vision is the need to limit the sound explosions that come through the sound barrier. While no launch date has been announced, three other U.S. companies, Aarion, Spike and Boom, want their aircraft to take off around 2025.

If they succeed, a new era of extreme air travel will come. After all, so far, only about 500 people have been astronauts in history. With the Starship, Musk can make twice as many astronauts in a flight.

Possibilities to change the world: 90%

Possibility of becoming a reality: 20%

The influence of the late Apple founder Steve Jobs on consumer computing and entertainment was so profound that a media obituary said he “did more to decide what movies we watch, how we listen to music, and how we work and play than anyone else on earth”.

With that in mind, it is easy to conclude that there is a visionary figure in the field of transport, Musk. Musk, who started the journey with his Tesla car, has been successful in the electric car business and has played an important role in the upcoming freight transformation of Tesla’s electric truck, the Semi. At the same time, his SpaceX is upending the economics of traveling outside Earth’s orbit.