With the task of building 5G and lacking sufficient technical and financial capacity, China Radio and Television is deploying 5G in a special way, i.e. consolidating assets nationwide, while seeking a networking approach that takes into account efficiency and cost – building 5G with China Mobile. At present, China Radio and Television related parties are actively preparing, September 3, a communications equipment manufacturer told reporters that the 5G supply chain is actively tracking the operator’s plans, it is expected that sharing 5G base stations and mobile phones and other terminals will be available early next year.
On August 27th, 47 enterprises and 11 listed companies set up China Wide Grid Road Co., Ltd., and Yang Guang, research director of Strategy Analytics, believes that the real integration of the country’s one network is the first step for China’s radio and television to telecom operators, and is also the basic condition for China Radio and Television to carry out actual deployment and commercialization. Telecommunication network pay attention to the whole network, if the deployment plan of the provinces and cities, strategy is not unified coordination, network construction will be difficult to carry out. In contrast, the three major operators have a group to the provincial branch to the city and county company’s complete hierarchical organizational structure, can carry out the group’s business strategy to the market line.
Although China Guang grid road Co., Ltd. is not registered in the industrial and commercial system, its shareholders have disclosed that including Hangzhou Alibaba Venture Capital Co., Ltd., State Information and Communications Industry Group Co., Ltd., the two companies each accounted for 9.8% of the shares, second only to the majority shareholder China Radio Network Television Co., Ltd. Regarding the equity structure, Yang Guang believes that from the shareholder point of view, Alibaba and State Grid’s shareholding is not low, the two companies themselves can also help China Radio and Television to deploy 5G in business.
For radio and television, another important matter is the clearance of frequency, telecommunications operators usually in order to save valuable spectrum resources, improve the utilization rate of spectrum resources, some of the obsolete communication technology occupied by the use of high-quality spectrum resources, and the release of these high-quality spectrum for the next generation of information and communication technology.
Communications writer Shang Xiaopu told reporters that china Radio and Television in the era of analog television transmission, once used 700MHz high-quality low-frequency transmission of analog television signals, but now analog television transmission technology has long been replaced by digital information technology, so it can now be radio and television 700MHz high-quality low-frequency clearance released for 5G network communication technology. Yang Guang believes that the process of clearing frequency is only a matter of time, there is no special policy or interest resistance.
China Radio and Television announced in May 2020 that it would cooperate with China Mobile in the deployment of 5G, and according to Yang Jie, chairman of China Mobile, at the earnings meeting, as of August 2020, the two sides had only completed the contents of the framework agreement, and no concrete network construction deployment had been carried out, and further details were being discussed.
Supply chain fit.
A equipment business person told reporters that the network equipment required for joint construction to adapt to the new business scenario, which means that the maturity of the industrial chain also needs to be promoted by many parties. At present, a number of equipment manufacturers are developing and sharing 5G base stations, it is expected that shared base stations and mobile phones and other terminals will be introduced early next year.
This person said that in the base station research and development is not very difficult, equipment manufacturers can advance service telecommunications and Unicom’s joint construction equipment along the current project, and on the basis of the original equipment to make changes. In the wireless network, some hardware needs to be developed separately, and there are no fundamental changes on the core network.
The person said that because the 700MHz band of radio and television is more suitable for rural areas, equipment manufacturers are actively studying the network side, according to the rural environment, in the parameter configuration to do some optimization.
Communication writer Shang Xiaopu said that China Radio, Television and Mobile has built a total of 5G network 700MHz high-quality spectrum, more suitable for rural use. In the era of analog television transmission, China Radio and Television has used low frequency 700MHz, although the advantages in signal coverage is obvious, but there are also some technical disadvantages, such as transmission rate will be affected. Therefore, the 700MHz band is more suitable for 5G signal bottom coverage in remote rural areas. In contrast, cities are better suited to medium- and high-frequency band coverage.
In terms of terminals, manufacturers have made progress, on September 3, ZTE’s ZTE Sky Machine Ax-on205G won the first batch of 700MHz5G mobile phone approval issued by China’s State Radio Administration Committee, it can be said that this is China Radio and Television 5G commercial, users can choose the first batch of 5G dual-mode mobile phones supporting the 700MHzn28 band.
Shang Xiaopu believes that the next step, the four major communications operations in the city or a total of two 5G access network, but in the vast rural areas, four can explore the co-construction and sharing of a 5G access network, mutual realization of off-grid travel. This not only saves the cost of 5G network construction and base station electricity, but also greatly improves the user’s experience perception of network quality.