There are signs that Europe’s second wave of outbreaks may have peaked.

With the number of new confirmed cases peaking daily, a second outbreak appears to be occurring in some European countries. On Thursday, Imperial College London released a new study that found that the R0 of the new coronavirus had dropped from 1.7 to 1.1, although the figure was not accurate (ranging from 0.7 to 1.5). R0 indicates how many people an infected person can infect on average. If R0 is less than 1, the outbreak is under control.

There are signs that Europe's second wave of outbreaks may have peaked.

The study looked at 150,000 random people over a two-week period and tracked cases.

Professor Paul Elliott, director of Imperial’s REACT programme, said the findings showed that a number of measures taken in the UK to stop the spread of the virus, including restricting social gatherings for more than six people, were had a positive impact.

Daily infections in the UK have remained high for the past week. On Wednesday, the country reported 7,108 new confirmed cases, the highest daily number of infections on record.

In addition to the UK, other countries are tightening restrictions, including a degree of closure, restrictions on socialites, and reduced opening hours for bars and restaurants.

Spain and France remain grim.

Both Germany and Spain announced tighter restrictions this week, especially for family gatherings.

In Spain, where the number of new confirmed cases per day remains high and hovering above the 10,000 mark, the trend is declining, according to the Spanish Ministry of Health, but the outbreak in Madrid remains severe, with the number of new confirmed cases in the region accounting for more than a third of the total daily total, so Spain decided on Wednesday to seal off the capital.

France’s health ministry reported 12,000 new confirmed cases on Wednesday, surpassing 10,000 for the first time in three days, and hospital admissions rose 90 to their highest level in 10 weeks.

Germany and Italy are getting better.

It is worth noting that Italy and Germany are both major economies in Europe, and although there have been severe outbreaks in some areas, they have not surged as much as in other countries.

Germany reported 1,798 new confirmed cases on Wednesday, down from 2,089 the day before, according to the Robert Koch Institute, but public health agencies warned that the basic R0 was greater than 1 since the second week of September.

In Italy, the number of new diagnoses per day does not seem to have increased much. Although the health ministry reported 1,851 new confirmed cases on Wednesday, 200 more than the previous day, The Italian news agency Ansa noted that the ministry had tested 15,000 more people than the previous day, potentially increasing the number of confirmed cases. Currently, Ansa classes the infection curve as “stable”.

By region, Campania again led with 287 new confirmed cases, followed by Lazio, where Rome is located, with 210 new confirmed cases. In Lombardo, Italy’s first outbreak, 201 new confirmed cases were added the day before.