Starting tomorrow, the world will once again focus on science. From October 5th to October 12th, the Nobel Committee will announce six major prizes, including the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, the Nobel Prize in Physics, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, the Nobel Prize in Literature, the Nobel Peace Prize and the Nobel Prize in Economics. With the new crown epidemic still raging, this year’s Nobel Prize looks very different: on the one hand, because of the impact of the outbreak, Stockholm’s traditional award ceremony was cancelled, held online, Oslo’s Peace Prize ceremony was also held on a small scale;
The 2020 Nobel Prize will be awarded from October 5th to 12th. Photo From the official website of the Nobel Prize.
Lars Heckensten, executive director of the Nobel Foundation, has previously said that the new crown outbreak is a crisis for all mankind and “proves the importance of science”.
With the 2020 Nobel Prize just in the way, what are the points to watch?
Point 1: The Nobel Prize will be announced from tomorrow.
According to the Nobel Website, the 2020 Nobel Prize announcement date will run from October 5th to October 12th, and netizens can watch the live broadcast live on the Nobel Prize website (nobelprize.org). The exact time of publication is as follows:
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine: As early as October 5, 17:30 BST.
Nobel Prize in Physics: As early as October 6th, 17:45 BST.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry: As early as October 7th, 17:45 BST.
Nobel Prize in Literature: As early as October 8th, 19:00 Beijing time.
Nobel Peace Prize: 17:00 BST on October 9.
Nobel Prize in Economics: As early as October 12, 17:45 BST.
Nobel Prize announcement arrangements. Screenshot from the Official Website of the Nobel Prize.
Point 2: The prize money will be increased to SEK 10 million.
Over the past few years, Nobel laureates have been awarded 9 million Swedish kronor. But this year, the prize money for each prize will increase by SEK 1 million to SEK 10 million (about RMB7.595 million).
The Board of Directors of the Nobel Foundation recently made a decision to increase the Nobel Prize prize, the official website of the Nobel Prize said on September 24. Lars Heckensten, executive director of the Nobel Foundation, said the decision was made because the fund’s financial situation was in a “very stable state” compared with the past.
“We believe it is particularly important this year to celebrate what the Nobel Laureate has achieved in inspiring us and giving us hope for the future. As announcement week approaches, we are happy to announce that this year’s prize money will be increased by SEK 1 million,” Mr Heikenstein said.
It is reported that the amount of prize money has been changing since the Nobel Prize was awarded in 1901. From the original SEK 150,000 to SEK 1 million in 1981. In the 1980s and 1990s, bonuses soared to 10 million kronor. But the 2008 global financial crisis affected the foundation’s investment returns, with bonuses falling from 10 million kronor to 8 million kronor in 2011. In 2017, the bonus was raised again to 9 million kronor.
Nobel Medal. Photo From the official website of the Nobel Prize.
Watch Point 3: Different December ‘Nobel Week’
This year’s Nobel Prize ceremony and other events are very different from the past because of the new crown outbreak.
The Nobel Foundation announced in September that it was canceling an award ceremony scheduled for December 10 in Stockholm, Sweden, and that organizers would hold an online live ceremony at Stockholm City Hall, according to the Nobel Committee’s official website.
Winners will not be invited to Stockholm as is customary, and their medals, certificates, etc. will be safely handed over to them through the embassy of the country in which the winners are located or the university in which they work.
But the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony in Oslo, Norway, will go on as usual, although the number of participants will be so small that the winners will be able to attend online remotely or on the ground.
Traditionally, Nobel banquets in Stockholm and Oslo have been cancelled and winners will be invited to next year’s awards ceremonies and banquets.
This year’s Nobel Concert will take place on December 8th, when renowned pianist Igor Levit will take the stage at the Stockholm Concert Hall. The concert will be broadcast live with a limited audience. On December 9th there will be the Nobel Week Dialogue, in which nobel laureates will take part in an event to discuss how education can help us create a better future.
2019 Nobel Week Dialogue. Screenshot from the Official Website of the Nobel Prize.
Point 4: Whether research related to new crown drugs will win the prize attracts attention.
As the awards date approaches, many bookmakers and pollsters are beginning to predict who will win this year’s six awards.
However, it is generally considered difficult to predict physiology, physics, chemistry, and economics awards, which are generally given to individuals or teams that are prominent in their field but are largely unknown to the public. In addition, the Nobel prize nominee’s information is kept secret for 50 years, and it is almost impossible to compare all nominees in advance.
In the context of this year’s outbreak, some have suggested that research related to the treatment of the new crown could win this year’s Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine, CNN reported. However, Nobel prizes in science are generally awarded to achievements that stand the test of time, such as last year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry for research on lithium batteries, which began in the 1980s.
Based on this, CNN says, the chances of a scientific award for the new crown are very small. A future Nobel prize winner could be available if treatment options, drugs, or effective vaccines later emerged to stop the spread of the epidemic.
Watch Point 5: Will the Peace Prize be related to the new crown outbreak response?
The 2020 Nobel Peace Prize is one of the most high-profile.
Dan Smith, director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, told CNN that “this is the year I’m most unsure of who will win the Nobel Peace Prize in years” and that the Nobel committee members would be more cautious about the award because “they generally want to use it to send some signals … This year, they must unleash a message of hope, a belief that everything will be all right”.
CNN notes that this year’s Nobel Peace Prize is likely to be the “New Crown Peace Prize”, which will be awarded to organizations or individuals who have made outstanding achievements in fighting the epidemic.
Currently, the World Health Organization (WHO) is considered the organization most likely to win this year’s Nobel Peace Prize. However, WHO also faces some controversy, with criticism coming mainly from US President Donald Trump. But the vast majority of countries recognize WHO’s efforts in responding to the outbreak.
New Zealand’s prime minister, Ardern, is also seen as a strong contender for the Peace Prize because of the effectiveness of new Zealand’s outbreak control. However, there are also analysts that Adeen on the international stage lack of a sense of existence, perhaps international recognition is not so strong.
Sweden’s “green girl” Greta Tonberg was considered a hot favourite for the Peace Prize last year, but last year’s peace prize went to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abby Ahmed Ali. As the global climate crisis continues to worsen, analysts believe that Tonberg, a young climate activist, is more likely to be recognized.
But some analysts say it also depends on how the Norwegian Nobel Committee defines “peace”. According to the Nobel will, the Nobel Peace Prize should be awarded to “those who have done their utmost or contributed the greatest to the organization and promotion of peace conferences in order to promote national unity and friendship, to abolish or reduce the standing army”. Whether climate change can advance peace remains a contentious issue.