From October 5th, the 2020 Nobel Prize will be announced. This year’s Prize winners will receive an additional 1 million Swedish kronor ($110,000) more than in the past. Each year the Nobel shortlist is highly confidential, the nominees are secret, and 50 years cannot be made public. But predictions for the Nobel Prize have been constant, especially as the Nobel Prize in Physics, the Chemistry Prize and the Medical Prize represent the pinnacle of scientific achievement, and every year there are some hot areas for winning prizes.
Between 1995 and 2017, five of the 114 different science disciplines accounted for more than half of the Nobel Prize in particle physics, atomic physics, cell biology, neuroscience and molecular chemistry, according to a recent statistical analysis.
The Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology will be announced on October 5th. This year’s new crown outbreak has some speculating that the new crown treatment or vaccine to stop the spread of the virus may be a potential winner.
Gilbert Thompson, emeritus professor at Imperial College London, believes the Nobel Prize in medicine could go to two scientists, Max Cooper and Jacques Miller, who discovered the tissues and functions of the human immune system, particularly B and T cells.
“Cells are the basis of vaccine research.” “Although the discovery was made a long time ago, it is now time to win the Nobel Prize, ” says Mr Thompson. “
There is also speculation that this year’s Nobel Prize in Medicine will be won by Jack Strominger, a professor of higgins at Harvard University’s Department of Biochemistry. Professor Strominger, 95, has just won the Citation Laureate Award, published by data company Clarivate Analytics, and his outstanding contribution to molecular immunology has made him a favourite for this year’s Nobel Prize.
During his nearly seven decades of research, Professor Strominger has published about 1,000 papers focusing on the structure and function of proteins in major tissue compatible complexes (MHCs) and their role in disease. He sheds light on how penicillin kills bacteria and figures out how the human immune system recognizes and differentiates invaders.
In addition, according to David Pendlebury, a senior analyst at Corevean, the contribution of Japanese geneticist Yusuke Nakamura to pioneering genome-wide sequencing has spawned innovations in precision medicine for cancer treatment and could win the Nobel Prize in medicine, as well as the work of Lebanese scientist Huda Zoghbi on neurological diseases, including the genetic origin of Ret syndrome (RS). It is also possible to win the Nobel Prize in Medicine.
Crispr, the gene editing technique, has also been a hot topic for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in recent years. But Mr Pendlebury said gene editing could be a “potential mine zone”.
“Although the technology is worthy of an award, gene editing has been developed in collaboration with several groups of scientists over the years, making it difficult to assign awards to three people; and until recently, the technology has been plagued by patent disputes.” Pendlebury said.
On the Nobel Prize in Physics, Pendlebury said he was optimistic about three scientists, Carlos Frenk of Durham University, Julio Navarro of the University of Victoria in Canada and Simon White, former director of the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, who are expected to study the formation of the Milky Way, the structure of the universe and dark matter.
In recent years, astronomy has been a hot topic for the Nobel Prize in Physics. Last year Princeton astrophysicist James Peebles, Swiss astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz won the Nobel Prize in Physics for their first discovery of extrasolar planets;
Professor Dietrich Baade, honorary astronomer at the European Southern Observatory (ESO), told First Financial: “In astronomy, there are many worthy winners, such as Professor Rashid Sunyaev, a Russian scientist who used X-ray telescope data to map the entire sky of the universe; And Professor Eugene Parker, a 93-year-old American physicist who proposed the theory of solar wind. “
But Pendlebury thinks it’s unlikely that this year’s Nobel Prize will be awarded again to the field of cosmology. “It’s unlikely that the same field will win back-to-back Nobel Prizes.” “We use the paper citations to determine the likelihood that a scientist will win the Nobel Prize, because highly cited papers are essential to winning the Nobel Prize, but I think it may take a few more years for cosmology to win again,” Pendlebury said. “