Google will celebrate the 197th birthday of Canadian-American newspaper editor Mary Ann Shad Cary on Friday with a dedicated Doodle. She is also a journalist, teacher, lawyer, abolitionist and feminist. Shad Cary is known as the first black female newspaper editor and publisher in North America. She was also the second black woman in the United States to earn a law degree and fought for the abolition of slavery and women’s right to vote.
Shad Cary was born on October 9, 1823, in Wimington, Delaware. Her parents’ home was once a station on the Underground Railroad. Shad Cary became a teacher after graduating from a boarding school in Pennsylvania. In 1848, Frederick Douglass published Shadd Cary’s first work in his newspaper, an article calling for the abolition of slavery.
Shad and her family moved to Canada after the Escape of Slaves Act was passed in 1850. Three years later, she founded The Provincial Freeman, a weekly newspaper for fugitive slaves. She returned to the United States after marriage and received a law degree from Howard University in 1883. In 1994, Canada awarded Shad Cary the title of “National Historic Person”.