Beijing time october 13 news, according tomedia reports, in the heart of each dog, are eager to be a hero to save the owner, at the same time, we also hope that the most loyal friends of mankind can help in times of crisis. Now, new research suggests that dogs really want to rescue people at risk, but they must know how to help us.
The images of dogs in films such as Little Wanderer and Lacey the Spirit Dog give us the idea that dogs living with humans will save their struggling owners, who have a natural tendency to al-Alism.
The study’s co-author, Joshua Van Burr, a university graduate from Arizona, said dogs are the most loyal partners of humanity, a widely circulated story that simply looking at dog rescues doesn’t tell the story, and finding out why they do it is the biggest challenge.
It is true that domestic dogs are useful, but scientists still don’t know their real motivations for protecting their owners, including whether they are close to humans and understandable behavior. Burr’s latest paper, published in the journal Public Library of Science Synthesis, shows that dogs have enough motivation to rescue struggling owners, especially when they know how to do it. At the same time, however, the latest study still makes us wonder whether their heroic actions stem from their motivations to be close to their owners or are driven by other factors.
To determine the dog’s tendency to save its owner, Burr and colleagues conducted a series of experiments in which the dog’s most important challenge was a “pain test”, in which the dog’s owner stayed in a large box and pretended to be in distress. The owner involved in the experiment was trained in advance and would have a real distress signal in the box, shouting: Help, help me! Dogs can rescue their owners by opening a door in a box, but what is their real motive?
According to statistics, a total of 60 dogs took part in the experiment, no dog had received any special rescue training before the trial, the final results showed that 20 of them (a third of the total) rescued the owner. ‘It’s just a data result, and you’ll be impressed when you look at the trial, which used two control tests, and the dogs in the trial took two control tests and one rescue test in random order, ‘ Mr. Bull said.
In the first controlled test, known as the “reading test”, the dog owner sat in a box and calmly read aloud a magazine, in which 16 dogs tried to enter the box to find their owner, which was considered evidence that the dog was unwilling to separate from its owner.
In a second controlled test, known as a “food test,” the researchers placed food in a box that had no owner. Surprisingly, 19 dogs voluntarily opened the box, and Bull pointed out that the probability of the dog resysing the owner trapped in the box was similar to the probability of getting food from the box, suggesting that the dog thought it was a very beneficial act to rescue the owner.
The “food test” also showed that knowledge of how to open a box was a key factor, and dogs who learned how to open a box were eight times more likely to rescue their owners in the “reading test.”
Boolean points out that the fact that two-thirds of dogs don’t even open boxes for food suggests that dog rescue requires not only motivation but also other factors, with 84 percent of the 19 dogs that opened boxes in the “food test” resaning their owners. As a result, most dogs want to rescue their owners, but the biggest obstacle they face is mastering how to do so.
During these tests, the researchers monitored dog stress, such as sniffing boxes, whimpering, pacing, barking and yawning. These behaviors are often observed compared to “reading tests”, even in repeated tests.
“In the experiment, we found that dogs were able to adapt to the ‘reading test’, keep up with their owner’s emotional state, and when the owner was trapped in a box and shouted for help, the dog became dispassionive and anxious,” Burr said. “In fact, this phenomenon is what researchers call an “emotional infection”, in which owners pass on their stress to their pets, supporting the hypothesis that dogs’ proximity to humans is driving rescue behavior.
For now, researchers suspect the dog was sympathetic to its owner, but the evidence for the study is insufficient. For example, it is conceivable that a dog is trying to relieve its own stress, rather than trying to relieve the stress of its owner, in addition to other potential motivations. More work needs to be done to fully understand the apparent closeness of dogs to human behavior.