BEIJING, Nov. 27 (Xinhua) — Researchers at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences say they have discovered the fifth natural force in the universe, which could change our understanding of how the universe works, according tomedia reports. The researchers observed that when particles split in a strange way, they could see the light emitted by an active, decaying helium atom that is not currently explained by physics.
Researchers at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences may have found signs of a fifth basic force, prompting debate in physics. This is a diagram of the cosmic mesh structure.
This is the second time that Attila Krasznahorkay, a Hungarian scientist who led the study, has detected the mysterious new particle, which they call “X17.” The researchers found that the particle had a mass of 17 megaelectron volts (MeV), which is 33 times the mass of electrons and 2 percent of protons. “X17 could be a particle that can connect our visible world to dark matter, ” Krasnahok said. “
Jonathan Feng, a professor of physics and astronomy at the University of California, Irvine, who has been closely following the Krasnahhoy team’s research, said it could be a “game-changer”. He added that if the study could be repeated, “it would be a Nobel Prize that doesn’t require brain thinking.”
The Higgs boson is named after Professor Higgs (pictured). The particle was discovered in 2012 and is an important part of the standard model
Three years ago, the team discovered anomalies in the radioactive decay of radon-8, indicating the presence of a new particle. If their results are confirmed, it could completely upend our understanding of how the universe works.
The most widely accepted physical models show that there are four basic forces in nature: gravity, electromagnetic forces, and strong nuclear forces between atoms and weak nuclear forces. Experiments by at Tila Krasnahorkai’s team of physicists in 2016 showed that there is another force in the universe.
The team reportedly said at the time that they had found a strange irregularity in the radioactive decay of radon-8. They published their findings in late 2015 in the prestigious Physical Review Letters. However, while the study is disruptive, their papers receive little attention, according to a report on Gizmodo’s website.
After discovering anomalies in the ejoicence, physicists at the University of California, Irvine, built a theory that tested the methods and results of Hungarian researchers. The theory is not only consistent with the measurements, but also predicts a new particle with a mass of 17MeV.
Geraint Lewis, professor of astrophysics at the University of Sydney in Australia, said: “This study tells us that if the results are correct, it means that there is another way of communicating between particles, and we haven’t put it into mathematics yet.” “
As early as a few decades ago, scientists speculated about the existence of a fifth basic force. They claim that this will help explain why standard models of particle physics do not explain dark matter. Dark matter is an invisible matter that is thought to make up more than 80% of the mass of the universe.
Theoretical physicists have proposed many strange particles of matter, including “dark photons” that carry electromagnetic forces. Scientists in Hungary are looking for dark photons by sending protons into lithium flakes. When lithium absorbs protons, it turns into unstable radon, which decays further, producing electrons and positive electrons.
When protons hit lithium at 140 degrees, more electrons and positrons were produced than expected. According to Krasnahorkai, these extra materials are produced by a particle about 33 times heavier than electrons. “We are very confident about the results of our experiments, ” Krasnahoksaid said. He added that the team had repeated several tests.
However, many scientists are skeptical of the findings. Some researchers believe that we need to be more cautious about this finding, and it is too early to consider the 17MeV particle as a definitive fact. Other research groups have not detected the particle after experiments, so it is not possible to assume that the particle has actually been identified. In addition, over the past few decades, scientists who have claimed to have found 17MeV particles have also claimed to have detected other new particles, none of which have been confirmed by other teams.
Why is this discovery so exciting?
Physicists at the Institute of Atomic Energy of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences say the device (electronic-positive spectrometer) has found evidence of the existence of a new particle
The standard model of particle physics holds that everything in the universe is made up of elementary particles, which are controlled by four forces: gravity, electromagnetic force, weak nuclear force, and strong nuclear force. These forces vary in range of effect and strength.
The new particles found in the new study, if present, would not be in line with the description of the standard model, so it is likely to open up a whole new field of particle physics. It is thought that the particle may even help scientists discover a fifth basic force.
This development is exciting because standard models have failed to answer some questions for years, and scientists are eager to break the situation and find new theories. For example, the standard model cannot explain gravity because it is incompatible with general relativity, which is the best explanation for how gravity works. In addition, the standard model does not interpret dark matter particles.
The quantum theory used to describe microscopic particles is also difficult to reconcile with the general relativity used to describe macro-objects. In the context of the standard model, no one has yet been able to make the two mathematically compatible.
According to the Big Bang theory, matter and antimatter were equal in number at the beginning of the universe’s birth, so they should have completely annihilated each other in the first second or so of their existence. This means that the universe should be full of light, while other matter should be scarce. That is why there must be subtle differences in the physical properties of matter and antimatter, which makes the presence of matter in the universe far more than antimatter, thus constituting the stars, planets, and ourselves that we see.
However, the mere observation satout of the existence of the new particle is not sufficient.