Space man Elon Musk is amazing again! Recently, a user who received an email notification from Musk’s company, SpaceX, posted a screenshot claiming that Musk had begun working on a legal framework for the Mars colony.
Screenshots are the ninth clause from Starlink’s satellite internet service, the Regulation Act. This means that anyone who is eligible for Starlink satellite services must agree to the following terms:
1. These Terms and any disputes between us arising out of or relating to these Terms, including disputes relating to arbitrality, shall be governed by the laws of the State of California of the United States for services provided to or to the Earth, around the Earth or the Moon.
2. For services provided on Mars or delivered to Mars via Starship or other colonial spacecraft, the parties recognize Mars as a free planet and that no Government on Earth has jurisdiction or sovereignty over Mars activities.
3. Therefore, the Martians will adhere to the “principle of autonomy” based on good faith in resolving all disputes.
To put it simply, Musk aims to make one point: I want to create a new world on Mars that is different from Earth, where everyone is equal and free, free from any laws.
Musk was arguably the first person in the business world to dare to swear sovereignty over Mars. So, where did he come from?
Musk: The closest person to the “Mars dream.”
Musk’s ambitions to conquer space are already clear.
In 2002, Musk founded SpaceX, a space technology exploration company, with three main businesses: Starship, Crew Dragon and Starlink Satellite, to prepare for his “Mars migrant dream.”
According to the official website, the starship consists of two parts, a spacecraft and a heavy rocket, as a reusable transport system, which is responsible for transporting crews and cargo to Earth orbit, the moon or Mars. The Dragon spacecraft, also known as a manned spacecraft, and the Starlink satellite, which provides high-speed wireless Internet coverage around the world, plans to build a giant constellation of 4.2 satellites around the Earth before connecting the network to Mars.
Musk’s space dream is a solid step forward in 2020.
At 15:22 p.m. U.S. time on May 30, the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft, aboard a Falcon 9 rocket, sent two U.S. astronauts to the International Space Station. It was SpaceX’s first manned mission in its 18-year history and the first commercial manned space launch in human history.
Previously, only Russia, the United States and China had successfully launched manned space missions with national power. Musk has rewritten the history of human spaceflight.
In addition, on August 5 this year, the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft SN5 prototype test was successful for the first time at a launch site in Texas.
SpaceX’s testing has been hampered since Musk released the Starship program last September, and several full-size Starship prototypes built in a year have exploded in testing.
Starship prototype SN4 explodes
The success of the SN5 test is significant and means that Starship is finally on its way to a test flight.
Notably, NASA Administrator John Bridenstein also said publicly that SpaceX is very good at flying, testing, experiencing failures, and fixing problems. This allows NASA not to ignore Starship’s potential.
A few days ago, SpaceX’s Starlink satellite business made a breakthrough. On October 24, SpaceX successfully deployed nearly 900 satellites into Earth orbit on its first intensive launch mission three times a month.
Then, on October 26, SpaceX sent a Beta version of Starlink’s Internet service to some users, officially entering public testing.
All these successes have made Musk’s ultimate dream of building a new nation on Mars more and more grounded.
Musk: I want to be president of space
As early as this year, Musk was spoken out on the social network, and SpaceX already has the ability to send 1 million people to Mars by 2050. He said
“We’re going to build 100 starships a year, and we’re going to have 1,000 in 10 years, which means we’re going to have 100 million tons of capacity a year.” Whenever Earth and Mars orbit in sync, they can send about 100,000 people to Mars at the same time. “
While most people still find this out of reach, Musk, who has achieved multiple “impossibles”, sees “immigrant Mars” as the ultimate reality.
So before that great goal could be achieved, Musk began to plan ahead for issues such as sovereignty and settlement life on Mars.
The launch of public testing of Starlink’s satellite Internet service is an important milestone in the commercialization of its Space Internet program. They plan to provide wireless Internet service to users in the northern United States and southern Canada by 2021, and then gradually reach the world.
In Musk’s view, the provision of Starlink Internet service is the starting point for the migration to Mars program, and the principles of its use must be explained before reaching global users. Thus, there was the previous scene.
In the Beta version of the Test Article IX legal provisions, it is explicitly emphasized that Mars is a free planet, not bound by existing established laws, and that services provided through SpaceX, including Starship Immigrants, Starlink Internet users, will adhere to the principle of integrity-based autonomy.
Musk believes that in the future, any future migration to Mars will use the Starlink satellite Internet around The Earth.
Meanwhile, Gwyneth Shotwell, SpaceX’s president and chief operating officer, stressed in an earlier interview that Starlink is vital and will be connected to Mars in the future. She said:
“Once we bring people to Mars, they need the ability to communicate, and I think it’s important to have constellations like Starlink around Mars.”
But for now, its Starlink program has just completed 2 percent of its overall target and will send more than 40,000 satellites into space in the future, more than the total number of satellites that exist. So it’s still a bit too early to think about it.
In addition, in addition to network services, Mars also has many objective factors, not suitable for human survival. Mars, for example, has a thin atmosphere, is not suitable for breathing, has no water, and so on.
But if all these external conditions hold true, will Musk’s customized legal provisions really hold?
Ignoring the colonial claims of the International Space Law
This may be pure Musk’s wishful thinking.
As early as 60 years ago, international space law was enacted on who can and will do in outer space. The idea of “colonization” of space doesn’t work as long as you go into space.
It is also worth noting that the Earthlight Foundation (ELF), an American non-profit organization, has issued similar statements about space freedom.
As the statement stressed,
All human beings have the right not to be deprived of the right to go anywhere in the universe, to do anything they choose to do, to use any resource they may find, to own the land or space in which they live.
As long as people don’t interfere with each other’s property, we believe that space is free for all.
However, Erwan Beauvois, a space systems engineer, says there is a fundamental difference between the two, and Musk’s freedom clearly has a colonial intent. Instead, existing space treaties provide a clear order for space exploration.
At the same time, outer space cannot achieve complete freedom. In his 2012 novel The Book of Fresh Wonders, Michel Faber said that because life in outer space is fragile, colonies far from Earth still need very strict rules.
Finally, on social networks, Musk’s rule has caused a stir among netizens.
Some netizens say it’s the rhythm of being the first president of Mars.
Other netizens expressed support for the right to decide and defend their settlements, regardless of who established colonies outside the earth.
Still, more users say it’s too early to talk about it, or that it’s simply not going to work for a company to manage a society without democratic responsibility.