According tomedia reports, antimatter is a substance that is difficult to store and transport, mainly because it has the habit of destroying any container you try to put into it. Now, researchers at CERN’s collaborating base have proposed a new antimatter device that can safely carry volatile material into new facilities, which could help scientists unlock some of the most basic mysteries of the universe.
Everything from plants to planets, from animals to entire galaxies to us humans is made up of ordinary matter. Antimatter is a bit like the evil twins of ordinary matter — each antimatter particle carries the opposite charge, which means that if they meet, they will annihilate each other in an energy explosion. Naturally, this makes antimatter difficult to deal with. So how do you store or transport a substance that destroys anything it places?
CERN’s Antimatter Decelerator (AD) is one of the few places on Earth where antimatter is easy to manufacture, but it is not an ideal place to study antimatter due to strong magnetic interference. This is the crux of the transport problem.
BASE Partners has now designed a new device called BASE-STEP that could help scientists transfer antimatter to other facilities. The key to the system is the so-called Penning ion trap, which uses electric and magnetic fields to suspend antiprotons on the wall of the container. Because there are atoms in the air, the device needs to be stored in a vacuum. BASE-STEP consists of two Penning ion traps — one for receiving and releasing antiprotons and the other as a repository.
Penning ion traps are already used in antimatter devices, and previous studies by CERN have shown that they can store antiprotons for more than 400 days, a huge improvement from the 16-minute record set in 2011. But the real challenge for the team is how to make these devices portable.
To do this, base-STEP traps will be stored in the center of the 1-Tesla superconducting magnet, which will prevent interference from bumps and bumps during transportation. It will also have a liquid helium buffer that will allow the system to remain cool for hours without any electricity. The entire unit measures 1.9 x 1.6 x 0.8 m and weighs less than 1000 kg.
Studying antimatter can help answer some of the big questions in physics, including why the universe as we know it was not destroyed billions of years ago. According to the Big Bang theory, the production of matter and antimatter should be equal, and today it is clear that there is an imbalance in favour of matter. So what causes this imbalance that allows us to exist? The opposite charge is not enough to explain the difference, so scientists are studying other potential differences between matter and antimatter. To do so, however, more scientists need to be exposed to mysterious antimatter in more devices.
It is reported that the first components of the equipment has begun to develop, the foundation team said it will be ready by 2022.