NASA is awaiting the launch of the James Webb Space Telescope and has developed a number of scientific research and observation projects for it. The telescope will help scientists solve a mystery as to why there seems to be more cosmic dust in galaxies than expected. Where exactly the cosmic dust came from is a mystery.
It is important to understand the origin of cosmic dust, which harbours stars as they form and then becomes part of the planet, and can contain organic compounds that lead to the birth of life and are also critical to the functioning of the universe. A major problem in astronomy is called the “dust budget crisis”. It refers to the inability of astronomers to explain all the dust problems observed in the nearby and distant universes.
In a series of NASA listings, the James Webb Space Telescope will study the dust-producing Wolf-Reyette twin. This type of star is very hot and very bright. There is evidence that Wolf-Reyette stars, by interacting with companion stars, produce large amounts of dust as they orbit each other and the stellar wind collides, forming a unique needle wheel pattern.
Astronomers believe the 2-star system may have produced most of the dust in a galaxy. The challenges of studying this type of star system include generating heat and intense brightness, while the James Webb Space Telescope can detect mid-infrared light, which can solve these problems and allow astronomers to study dust and its chemical composition carefully.
Infrared wavelengths are longer than visible light, allowing infrared light to move between dust particles and reach telescopes and provide information to astronomers. NASA currently plans to launch the James Webb Space Telescope in 2021.