A much-anticipated climate change report has issued a serious warning of rising global temperatures,media reported. The warning said the current commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions was woefully inadequate if the Paris Agreement’s targets were to be met. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Emissions Gap Report is understood to measure the gap between what the world is doing to tackle climate change and what it is actually doing.
But now, people are far from that goal. Indeed, based on the current unconditional commitments made by countries, the UNEP report concludes that humanity is moving towards a 3.2-degree celsius rise in temperature.
Scientists insist that 2020 will be a crucial turning point. In response, UNEP said: “In the run-up to 2020, we now need to reduce emissions by 7.6 per cent per year between 2020 and 2030. If we don’t, we’ll miss the last moment in history to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. If we do nothing, in addition to the current inadequate commitment to curb climate change, temperatures are expected to rise by 3.2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and with devastating effects. “
G20 countries are disproportionately responsible for climate change
Not all countries emit the same emissions. The UNEP report calculates that G20 countries account for 78 per cent of total emissions; however, only five of these members – the EU and four individual member states – are truly committed to long-term zero-emissions targets. Only two of these five members have actually passed legislation aimed at tackling emissions reductions.
The United States, China, the European Union and India are the world’s top four emitters of greenhouse gases, accounting for more than 55 per cent of global emissions over the past decade. Earlier this month, however, U.S. President Donald Trump announced his withdrawal from the Paris Agreement.
“Listening to science has never been more important,” UnSecretary-General Antonio Guterres said of the report’s findings. If these warnings are not heeded and drastic action is taken to reverse emissions, it means that we will continue to witness deadly, catastrophic heat waves, storms and pollution. “
The scientists concluded that all national lynocs need to be enhanced in their ambitions. Of course, this will be a big challenge. To reach the target of 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2030, the NDC’s target needs to be increased at least fivefold: by 7.6 per cent a year from 2020 to 2030; If this goal is not achieved, the likelihood of mass extinction will increase significantly, and large areas of the earth will probably become uninhabitable.