The problematic use of smartphones (or smartphone addiction) is now considered a mental disorder, with an average of 23 per cent of children and young people found to have the disease. Researchers at King’s College London combined more than 40 studies and found that 10 to 30 per cent of children, adolescents and young people under the age of 25 were affected. The study was published November 29 in the British Medical Council (BMC) Journal of Psychiatry.
“Smartphones became popular in 2011, and by analyzing literature published since 2011, a series of studies have shown that 10 to 30 percent of children and young people have a dysfunction in using smartphones, which means that an average of 23 percent of children and young people have problems with smartphone use, ” the paper wrote. PSU). “
“PSU is defined as any behavior associated with a smartphone that has addictive characteristics, such as panicking or feeling uneasy when you can’t use a phone, feeling it’s hard to control the time spent on your phone, and the damage it does to other enjoyable activities using a phone. “
An analysis of 41 studies covering 4,171 children and young people. Researchers at King’s College London say there is a “consistent link” between PSU and mental health problems.
“The researchers also looked at the link between such smartphone use and mental health and found a continuing association between PSU and mental health indicators, including depression, anxiety, stress, poor sleep quality and low levels of education,” the paper said. “
“Behavioural addiction can have a serious impact on mental health and everyday function, so further investigation stoush is needed into the use of smartphones in the UK.” “
“Our review assessed not only the impact of overuse of mobile phones, but also the effects of dysfunction in smartphone use, and by looking at “addictive” behavior patterns in smartphones, we have established a correlation between this dysfunctional behavior and poorer mental health outcomes.” “
The paper says smartphone “addiction” is a controversial academic concept that is listed as a PSU issue. But the paper concludes that there is sufficient evidence of damage to prove that this is a clinical psychiatric problem.
“PSU has been associated with poor mental health, particularly depression, anxiety, stress, poor sleep quality, and daily dysfunction as shown by poor education. “
“A study of the effects of different personality and emotional factors on PSU found some what paradoxically is that it is more common among users of problematic smartphone use with greater risk-taking characteristics such as low self-control, impulsivity, emotional instability and openness, as well as traits associated with avoiding risks such as perfectionism and due diligence.” Unsafe attachment styles, loneliness and low self-esteem are all related to PSU. “
The paper concludes that there is an “urgent need” for further development of PSU-oriented assessment tools to enable appropriate interventions.
Apple and others have expressed concern about smartphone addiction. Apple has introduced Screen Time in iOS 13, giving parents control over how long their children spend using their iPhones. However, this does remove or restrict third-party applications that use the “dangerous” method to access data, and some of these suggestions mean that the official Screen Time API would be the ideal solution.