An authoritative study shows that DevOps generated $2.9 billion in the market in 2017; As a key element in software project development, DevOps has deeply influenced the overall development landscape of the software world. Many experts predict that DevOps will gradually become the mainstream model of software engineering and will peak in 2020.
Therefore, for many research and development enterprises, developers are no longer interested in it, but should roll up their sleeves and practice DevOps-related technologies and methods. In an article quoting Statista, Hackernoon noted that the global use of DevOps increased by 7% between 2017 and 2018. IDC expects DevOps’ software market volume to grow from $2.9 billion in 2017 to $6.6 billion in 2022 (see https://www.idc.com/getdoc.jsp?containerId=US43722718).
DevOps offers the following benefits:
Ability to respond quickly to various modification needs.
Flexible security deployment and orchestration.
Be able to establish a sound channel of collaboration and communication.
Ability to quickly identify errors or vulnerabilities in your code.
Development teams can easily focus on other critical issues without over-focusing on security features.
Many enterprises in the industry today are adopting DevOps’ product delivery model. As shown in the figure below, the number of businesses that “embrace” DevOps across the company as a whole grew from 10% in 2017 to 17% in 2018 (see https://www.statista.com/).
1. Automation will be the focus
Currently, companies that have implemented DevOps have benefited greatly from efficient and rapid deployment (see https://dzone.com/articles/benefits-and-challenges-of-take-devops-route). Here, we’ll focus on the automation aspects of DevOps. Zero-touch automation is the future. Learn about the 6 Cs of the DevOps cycle, and ensure that automation is key to applying automation between these phases One of the main goals for 2020.
2. Shift attention from CI pipelines (Pipelines) to The DevOps Assembly Line
It is well known that DevOps’ ultimate goal is to improve collaboration between automation in planning and delivery. This involves not only continuous integration (CI), but also continuous delivery (CD). Today, many companies are investing more effort and time in understanding the knowledge and skills of automation throughout the software development process. In 2020, their attention will shift from a continuously integrated pipeline to DevOps’s assembly line.
Advantages of assembly lines:
Powerful nesting visibility
Quickly implement and extend the concept of “as-code”
Perfect interoperability for continuous delivery
Team-based business intelligence and analytics
3. The rise of artificial intelligence (AI) and the development of data science
A growing number of AI-driven applications (https://dzone.com/articles/deing-ai-and-automation-for-successful-devsec) will drive data science teams to find practical value in their workflows for DevOps ideas. The DevOps approach is expected to be the primary choice for handling automated pipelines and maintaining and testing multiple deployed models in the production chain.
To improve the efficiency of aI and ML (machine learning)-driven applications, data science and development teams will continue to work closely together to improve each other’s skills and delivery. In 2020, the DevOps team will discover more potential customers through the perfect delivery of a variety of workflows with the help of automation.
4. The concept of “everything is code”
There’s no denying that program coding is now one of the main pillars behind IT and its service systems. Therefore, a thorough understanding of the various DevOps tools, as well as the corresponding automated scripts, can play a critical role in the daily software development process of the enterprise. In 2020, such practices will dominate the landing of projects. It is no exaggeration to say that the future of the business, and the future quality of the product, depends more or less on the combined technical capabilities of developers, testers, and operators.
Because DevOps is designed to reduce lead times, we need to introduce high-quality code that can be used to improve the efficiency of software production cycles. The idea of “everything is code” here is: the SDLC (Software Development Lifecycle Management, https://dzone.com/articles/objects-best-practices-with-the-sdlc) practice of completing the code internally in DevOps. In 2020, in the face of the continued tide of DevOps, software testers could struggle in the coming year if they hadn’t started learning code programming and writing test scripts.
5. Using a serverless architecture
Serverless architectures, especially the overall architecture of cloud services, take DevOps to a higher level. Because microservices are a stand-alone service model, they do not create a cascade of dependencies or disrupt other existing service systems in the event of a problem. As a result, with this kind of architecture, software developers can focus more on the application at hand. BaaS (Backend as a Service), Back-end as-a-Service, and FaaS (Function as a Service, Feature as A Service) are two key aspects of a serverless architecture. By adopting a serverless architecture, organizations can save time and reduce costs, ensuring resilient workflows.
6. More embedded security
As the number of security vulnerabilities skyrockets and security incidents have had a serious impact on the company’s reputation, more businesses and even countries are beginning to realize the importance of cybersecurity. While we enjoy the efficiency of DevOps’ rapid delivery, we need to make security part of the design specification, taking full account of the overall security needs from the start. Only by implanting safety elements into the “genes” of software products will you not be tired of making up for them.
DevSecOps will continue to show an upward trend in 2020. The development team will “shift shift”, “Shift-left” DevSecOps, in the application’s development lifecycle, to make security more responsive to business goals and enhance the reputation of the enterprise by reducing program-native vulnerabilities. The DevSecOps model assumes that everyone in the project will take responsibility for security. This collaboration in software development will help reduce the push for responsibility and ensure the security and efficiency of the development process.
7. Kubernetes will be a big development
Kubernetes has become the fastest growing container technology because of its performance and ease of use. And Kubernetes is supported by an extensive open source community. Many CIOs and technical experts are now using Kubernetes extensively in their products and projects worldwide. We expect Kubernetes to see a wider reach and greater growth in 2020 as businesses continue to run their cloud-native applications with deeper adoption of container technology. Of course, Kubernetes-based container orchestration software will gradually replace some of the old DevOps features. Let’s wait and see.
This article was updated from: 51CTO.com, by Chen Jun