The European Space Agency (ESA) ministerial council Space19 Plus recently concluded in Spain, where EU countries have agreed to provide A total of 12.5 billion euros in funding to ESA over the next three years, a 20 per cent increase over the past three years and the largest in the 25-year history of ESA. EsA says this will further enhance human ityes in deep space exploration and deepen our understanding of the universe, who we are and where we come from.
Germany, France and Italy plan to contribute 3.3 billion euros, 2.7 billion euros and 2.3 billion euros, respectively, in a budget of 12.5 billion euros, according to the Physicists’ Network. In addition, member States agreed to increase the amount of additional eur1.9 billion over the next two years for some of the necessary projects for ESA, i.e. a total of 14.4 billion euros over five years.
One of the projects, according to ESA head Jan Werner, said one of the projects was to advance the launch date of the gravitational wave detector “Laser Interferometer Space Antenna” (LISA) in 2034, so that it could work in conjunction with the “Athena” X-ray observatory because some of the observations were the same, such as black holes. The results of these missions will fundamentally change our understanding of the basic physics of the universe.
Werner stressed that ESA needs to act quickly to speed up the development of Uranus and Neptune probes, Science reported. By 2022, the budget for this task is 576 million euros per year.
Werner said ESA will continue to invest in the International Space Station ubiah and provide important transportation and residential modules for the Gateway project, the first space station to orbit the moon. ESA also approved a proposal for a lunar lander and rover proposed by France and Germany, a good example of ESA’s commitment to the concept of a “moon village”. The “Moon Village” will become an outpost of the moon. European member states have also confirmed that they are working with NASA to fund the ground-breaking “Return of Mars Samples” mission.
ESA’s Earth Observation Programme is also a big winner, with funding of 1.81 billion euros over the next three years. ESA will use it to develop its own science satellite, The Earth Explorer, and will build a combat monitoring satellite called Sentinel for the European Union within the framework of the Copernicus Plan, and a more powerful satellite to measure carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In this area, only NASA’s Orbital Carbon Observatory-2 satellite is currently “unique”, and scientists hope to monitor the atmosphere at a higher resolution and distinguish between human-generated and naturally occurring carbon.
In terms of rocket development, ESA will continue to fund the upgrading of large-scale Ariane rockets and medium-sized “Weaving Girls” rockets. In addition, the development of reusable “space rider” rockets has received further support.
Space safety and security are the “pillars” of ESA, an area that focuses on space weather and NEO threats. The asteroid deflection mission, Hera, received full funding, but the proposed Lagrangian mission, which would hold satellites between the sun and Earth to monitor dangerous solar eruptions, failed.
In the coming years, ESA also plans to strengthen its relationship with the EU, improve its productivity and organizational flexibility.