Conventional wisdom is that planets can only orbit stars like the sun, but two Japanese scientists have challenged that idea. They concluded that a supermassive black hole may also have tens of millions of planets “accompanied”. The discovery of planets around black holes could open up new areas of astronomy research.
“Under the right conditions, even in harsh environments, such as around black holes, planets can form,” said Kagoshima University professor Yoshida, according to the PhysicistS Network. “Whitai is a major study of the active galactic nucleus, which is a glowing body triggered by black holes.
Planetary formation theory holds that planets are formed by dust that gathers in the disk of protoplanets around a young star. But the researchers point out that young stars are not the only objects with dust disks. Professor Yoshiro Kubota, an expert in planetary formation at the National Observatory, focused on the disk around the supermassive black hole in the galaxy’s core.
They point out that some supermassive black holes are surrounded by a large amount of material, a thick, dense disk-like shape. A disk may contain dust 100,000 times the mass of the sun, a billion times the mass of the original planetary disk. In the low-temperature region of the protoplanetary disk, dust particles with hail cones stick together to form a fluffy aggregate, forming a planet. The dust disk around the black hole is also dense, blocking strong radiation from the center of the black hole, and the low temperature region is formed.
They applied the theory of planetary formation to the disk around the black hole, and found that planets could form around black holes for hundreds of millions of years. “Our calculations suggest that thousands of planets with a mass about 10 times the mass of Earth can form within 10 light years around a black hole, ” said Mr. Kubota. Around the black hole, there may be an amazing lying planetary system. “
The scientific community has no technology to detect planets around black holes, but researchers hope the study will open up a new field of astronomy.