Bangladesh is on track to become the first country in the world to grow genetically modified gold rice, according to a new study published in the journal Science. The country’s Biosecurity Core Committee is currently assessing environmental risks and, if the follow-up review is carried out smoothly, gold rice will be allowed to start growing in 2021.
Gold rice is a genetically modified rice, because its embryo milk is rich in beta-carotene and appears not the same as ordinary rice golden yellow, so it is called gold rice.
It is reported that the earliest reports about the cultivation of gold rice were published in Science in 2000, is the ordinary rice into two synthetic beta-carotene required exogenous genes.
In 2005, gold rice was improved, with beta-carotene content increasing significantly, to more than 20 times.
Vitamin A deficiency is a disease prevalent among poor people and is listed by the World Health Organization as one of the world’s leading public health problems.
Beta-carotene in gold rice is a precursor to vitamin A, which can be converted into vitamin A in the body, alleviating vitamin A deficiency. Eating gold rice is the most economical and effective strategy for alleviating vitamin A deficiency.
On May 24, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced that genetically modified gold rice is safe to eat. So far, canada, Australia, New Zealand and the United States have been strong in the world for gold rice.