In 1949, in the early days of the founding of New China, there were only 218,000 kilometers of railways in China, and trains were running at less than 60 kilometers per hour, and by the end of 2018, the country’s railway mileage had reached 132,000 kilometers, of which more than 29,000 kilometers were high-speed rail. Especially after the reform and opening up, China’s railway spropens developed rapidly, with a national railway operating mileage of 517,000 kilometers (1030 kilometers of electrified railways) in 1978, an increase of more than 1.5 times after 40 years.
In 2018 alone, the country’s railways added 4,600 kilometers of operating mileage, of which 3,900 kilometers of high-speed rail, accounting for up to 85%.
By the end of this year, there will be a large number of new lines opened, such as Lunan high-speed rail, Zheng Wan high-speed rail, Zheng Yu high-speed railway, Shanghehang high-speed railway, Xuhuai yan railway, Chenggui railway, Beijing Zhang high-speed railway, Da Zhang high-speed railway, Zhang Hu high-speed railway, Han Ten high-speed railway and so on, a total of at least 13.
Today, the official Chinese Railway Company summarizes the 40 very important railway lines in the history of New China and reviews them together (in order of traffic time)
The first main line railway built after the founding of New China was completed in July 1952, with a total length of 504 kilometers, to realize the new journey of railway construction and development between Chengdu and Chongqing.
From Baoji in Shaanxi province to Chengdu, Sichuan Province, the main line is 668.2 kilometers long, january 1, 1958, the whole line opened, in July 1975 completed the electrification, is China’s first electrified railway.
From Chengdu, Sichuan province to Kunming, Yunnan, 1085 kilometers of southwest artery, hundreds of thousands of builders took 12 years to complete the construction, the United Nations called “symbol of the twentieth century of mankind to conquer nature one of the three wonders”, completed in July 1970.
From Lanzhou, Gansu Province to Urumqi, Xinjiang, a total length of 1903.8 kilometers, in December 1962 completed the completion of the xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the history of the train.
Hengguang Railway Re-line:
From Hengyang, Hunan to Guangzhou, Guangdong, a total length of 526 kilometers, in December 1988 completed the completion of the traffic, greatly alleviated the tension of Beijing-Guangzhou railway transport, the builders overcome 94 landslides and 39 floods, opened the longest two-line railway tunnel in China at that time – the Dazhaoshan Tunnel.
From Shanxi Datong to Qinhuangdao, Hebei Province, a total length of 653 kilometers, completed in December 1988, is China’s first heavy-duty railway, the West Coal East, North Coal South Transfer of one of the main channels, is the world’s largest heavy-duty railway.
From Shaanxi Baoji to Ningxia Zhongwei, is a new link between the northwest and the mainland, in May 1994 the whole line opened.
Beijing – kowloon railway:
From Beijing to Hong Kong, a total length of 2500 kilometers, in November 1995 the whole line opened, in September 1996, the opening of the whole line, is China’s longest completed railway.
From Nanning, Guangxi to Kunming, Yunnan, a total length of 898 kilometers, in December 1997 completed the opening of the city, opened the southwest sea access.
Southern Xinjiang Railway:
From Turpan to Kashgar in Xinjiang, the total length of 1446 kilometers, is the golden channel connecting the four regions in southern Xinjiang, but also the development of oil and gas resources in the Tarim Basin, the construction of China’s cotton base of an important railway, the whole line opened in December 1999.
From Sichuan Neijiang to Kunming, Yunnan, a total length of 872 kilometers, is the communication cloud, Gui, Sichuan, Chongqing, three provinces and one city of another important trunk line, in May 2002 the whole line opened operation.
Qin Shen guest:
From Qinhuangdao, Hebei Province to Shenyang, Liaoning Province, is China’s independent research, design, construction of the first railway passenger line, a total length of 404 kilometers, opened in October 2003.
Is the world’s highest altitude, the longest line of highland railway, in July 2006, the whole line opened, The guermu to Lhasa section of the total length of 1142 kilometers, of which 960 kilometers of the line at an altitude of more than 4000 meters.
Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Railway:
With a total length of 120 kilometers, is China’s first high-speed railway with a speed of 350 kilometers per hour, which opened in August 2008 and reached half an hour between Beijing and Tianjin.
shitai high rail:
China’s first mountain passenger line, a total length of 189.9 kilometers, opened in April 2009, Shijiazhuang to Taiyuan running time, from the original 5 hours to 1 hour.
From Ningbo, Zhejiang Province to Wenzhou, the line is 282 kilometers long, mainly passenger transport, passenger and cargo take into account the rapid railway trunk line, opened in September 2009.
From Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province to Fuzhou, Fujian Province, a total length of 298 kilometers, was the geological conditions at that time, one of the most difficult railway, opened in September 2009.
Zheng Xi High-speed Rail:
The world’s first high-speed railway built in a large area of wet-trapled loess area, a total length of 553 kilometers, designed to speed 350 kilometers per hour, opened in February 2010.
With a total length of 274.9 km, it opened in April 2010, and the running time from Fuzhou to Xiamen was reduced from 11 hours required for the transit to 1.5 hours.
Shanghai-Hangzhou high-speed rail:
Connecting Shanghai and Hangzhou, the two major cities, a total length of 202 kilometers, design speed of 350 kilometers per hour, greatly shorten the train running time between Shanghai and Hangzhou, opened in October 2010.
Beijing-Shanghai high-speed rail:
With a total length of 1318 km and operation in June 2011, it is the highest high-speed railway (up to 486.1 km/h) with the highest speed standard and highest test speed for operating trains in the world.
Beijing-Guangzhou high-speed rail:
With a total length of 2281 km, it is the world’s longest operating mileage, spanning temperate, subtropical and multi-terrain geological areas and many water systems of high-speed railway, opened in December 2012.
Hada High-speed Rail:
With a total length of 921 kilometers and a design speed of 350 kilometers per hour, it is the world’s first high-speed railway to cross the high-cold seasonal permafrost area, running through Harbin, Changchun, Shenyang, Dalian and other northeast economic spindles of several central cities, opened in December 2012.
With a total length of 502 kilometers, connecting the two economically developed sectors of southeast Fujian and the Pearl River Delta, Xiamen, Shantou and Shenzhen are strung together.
The space-time distance between guangdong and Guangdong provinces was greatly shortened and opened in December 2013.
Lanxin High-speed Rail:
East from Lanzhou, Gansu Province, through Qinghai Xining, west to Urumqi, Xinjiang, a total length of 1785 kilometers, is the world’s longest built mileage through the Gobi desert and high-speed railway, opened in December 2014.
Hefu High-speed Rail:
From Hefei, Anhui Province to Fuzhou, Fujian Province, a total length of 850 kilometers, is China’s first 300 kilometers per hour through the mountains of high-speed railway, opened in June 2015, along the rich tourism resources, by netizens called “the most beautiful high-speed rail line.”
Cheng-Yu high-speed railway:
The total length of 308 kilometers, the western end and the west into, Miancheng le passenger special link, the eastern end and Yuwan, Yupu Pu express railway, constitute the Chengyu region express railway passenger transport channel, improve the regional integrated transport hub function, opened in December 2015.
Hainan Round-the-Island High-speed Rail:
With a total length of 653 km, it is the world’s first high-speed railway to cross the tropical coastal region and opened in December 2015.
Zheng Xu high-speed rail:
From Zhengzhou, Henan Province to Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, a total length of 360 kilometers, greatly shortenthed the space-time distance between the Central Plains and the Yangtze River Delta, in September 2016 opened operations, marking China’s high-speed rail operation mileage of more than 20,000 kilometers.
Shanghai-Kunming High-speed Railway
With a total length of 2,252 kilometers, is the largest high-speed railway in China’s trans-East and West provinces, with the opening of the entire line in December 2016 and the running time from Shanghai to Kunming reducing by nearly 25 hours.
Xicheng high-speed rail:
The 658-kilometer-long, 658-kilometer-long, 658-kilometer-long, high-speed railway in China, which crosses the north-south dividing line between geography and climate, will open in December 2017.
With a total length of 328 kilometers, it is an important part of the China-Myanmar International Corridor and the Tibet-Tibet Railway, which opened in July 2018 and achieved direct train access between Kunming and Dali, with Dali as the center of the Shanxi region connecting to the national high-speed rail network.
With a total length of 357 kilometers, greatly reducing the time for the western region of Guangdong to reach Guangzhou, the operation was opened in July 2018, and the world’s first high-speed rail-enclosed sound barrier was built to protect the “Bird Paradise” natural ecological area.
Guangzhou-Shenzhen High-speed Railway:
With a total length of 141 km, 115 km from the Mainland and 26 km in Hong Kong, the full line will be opened in September 2018, marking the official access of Hong Kong to the national high-speed rail network.
Located in the east and east of Heilongjiang Province, from Harbin City in the west, to Jiamus City, the line is 344 kilometers long, opened in September 2018.
Hang Huang high-speed rail:
The total length of 272 kilometers, east of the “paradise on earth” Hangzhou, west to “human wonderland” Huangshan, by netizens called “the famous city, famous lake, famous river, famous mountain” world-class gold tourism line, opened in December 2018.
Jiqing High-speed Rail:
With a total length of 307.9 km, it will open in December 2018, greatly enhancing the transportation capacity between Jinan and Qingdao.
With a total length of 318 kilometers, it will open in December 2018, and a new “golden passage” has been added to the southwestern part of Hunan with rapid access to the southeast coast and the Pearl River Delta region.
From Nanping to Longyan, Fujian Province, the line is 241.8 kilometers long, opened in December 2018, fujian Province, the main cities to form an “integrated” circle of life.
qing yan Railway:
With a total length of 428 kilometers, it will open in December 2018, and it will take a direct train from Qingdao, Shandong Province to Yancheng, Jiangsu Province, ending the history of the sun, Lianyun port and Yancheng without moving cars along the route.