On December 9th, a study published in Cancer by the University of Tokyo and the Harvard School of Public Health showed that even a small amount of alcohol increased the risk of cancer, according tomedia reports. The researchers examined clinical data on the sex, age, date of admission and length of admission of 63,232 cancer patients and the same number of health controlrs from 2005 to 2016, from 33 general hospitals in Japan.
All study participants reported their average daily drink and 60 ml of whisky according to the set standard (a standard drink containing 23 grams of ethanol is equivalent to a 180ml glass of Japanese sake, a 500ml bottle of beer, a 180ml glass of wine or a 60ml glass of whisky).
On a 10-year basis, the researchers noted, a small amount of alcohol (for example, one drink a day for 10 years, or two drinks a day for five consecutive years) increased the overall cancer risk by 5 percent. People who drink two or less drinks a day have an increased risk of cancer no matter how long they drink. Overall, drinkers had a 18 percent higher risk of cancer and a lower risk of cancer without alcohol intake.
Drinkers are four times more likely to develop esophageal cancer than non-drinkers, twice as likely to develop throat cancer, more than 30 per cent more likely to develop liver and colon cancer, and more than 20 per cent more likely to develop stomach and breast cancer.
Cancer is the leading cause of death in Asia, after heart disease in the United States, and public education on alcohol and cancer risk should be further promoted, researchers say.