On the afternoon of October 30th, at a press conference at the Second World Forum of Top Scientists, 2019 Nobel Prize winners in Physiology or Medicine William Kelling, Greg Semensa, 2019 Physics Laureates Michelmayor and Didier Queiroz were interviewed. The press conference was moderated by Zhu Rongwen, winner of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics.
1997 Nobel Prize winner in physics Zhu Weiwen, 2019 Nobel Prize winner in Physiology or Medicine William Kelling, Greg Semensa, 2019 Physics Prize winner Michelmayor and Didier Queiroz (left to right)
William Keeling and Greg Semensa, winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, presented their Nobel Prize-winning research on VHL diseases (note: CNS hemangioblastomas combined with kidney or pancreatic cysts, chromoblastomas, kidney cancers, and epicytomas). ), hIF-1 and the relationship between oxygen.
2019 Physics Award winners Michelle Mayor and Didier Queiroz also presented the Nobel Prize-winning research, and Michelmayor said they were lucky enough to develop tools that could detect the vibrations of stars.
Is there life on the exoplanet, and if so, will it be very advanced?
Didier Queiroz believes that life is actually made up of all kinds of chemicals, the key is to have these appropriate chemicals, in fact, a combination of elements, such as this geophysics and biochemistry, all kinds of elements. Is there some element that can protect the planet, it can protect the various environments on the planet, and now some people are beginning to build the original state of the Earth, wanting to understand how life came about.
But can we really find extra-terrestrial life, did Didier Queiroz say, is not sure, unless we say that finding a planet is exactly the same as Earth, then we can be sure that there must be life on this planet, otherwise there may be life, but it is very different from us.
Michel Mayor agrees with Didier Queiroz, saying that there are certainly many planets where they have more appropriate conditions for life to appear. There are tens of billions, hundreds of billions of planets like our entire universe, and there will certainly be a better combination, whether it’s temperature or otherwise, so there could be millions of this right planet.
In the final analysis, says Michel Mayor, we have to think about the complex question of whether life is a normal step in the evolution of the universe or whether it happens by accident.
Nobel Prize winners usually see the world and ordinary people are different, in daily life, they will pay special attention to what aspects?
In response, Greg Semenza says that as a scientist, they may wear special glasses when they look at the world, and they often ask if what we see now has anything to do with our research. They try to understand what they are looking at from the point of view of their work.
Didier Queiroz said that as a scientist, as an entire human being, we inherited all the knowledge, because there was a curiosity, discovered this knowledge, they found this knowledge, there was no practical application, just like human life, 300 years ago human life will be much shorter than now, Everything will have a beginning, and this beginning is purely curiosity-driven, purely basic research.
William Keeling thinks that all scientists have a commonality, they are interested in solving very interesting problems, and when to say what these problems are, he thinks it’s a matter of personal preference, for example, some scientists may prefer to observe the stars in the sky. For the three winners of this year’s Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, they are more interested in clinically difficult issues, and he thinks that even if you’re not a doctor and hold your breath for a few minutes, you can feel the absence of oxygen, which William Keeling thinks is what scientists want to solve, and that’s what scientists have in common.
In recent years, China has invested heavily in astrophysics and biomedicine, and when asked what the Nobel laureates expect from China’s near-term and future decision-making in international scientific cooperation, William Keeling said they expect a lot from China and hope that China will continue to be a leading country in science and technology. But he cautioned that some studies are harder to come by in the short term, and he says he observes that technologies that really bring about revolutionary changes in humans are actually based on curiosity.
Greg Semenza agrees with William Kaelin, who believes that one of the most important aspects of science is creativity, and who dares to question what is available, and that a certain degree of freedom is necessary to make a breakthrough in science and technology: free thought, free movement, and these should begin at a young age. Because this time the mind has not yet formed a fixed trend.
Michel Mayor introduced that he had worked with Chinese astronomers about 30 years ago, and he thought it was really the beauty of science, because science had no borders, and he was working with scientists from China, Europe and South America, and he stressed that science had no borders.
Didier Queiroz agrees with his mentor (Michel Mayor) that he feels that science knows no borders, that they need to devote all their energy to developing a science culture, that they need to find ways to find all the brains on Earth, to work together, to advance together.