Beijing time on December 18, according tomedia reports, everyone has their own favorites and dislikes of things, some will develop into a hobby or even a quirk. All these qualities make up your personality and make you who you are. Unique personalities make people’s lives more interesting and, of course, sometimes cause trouble. So, where does personality come from, and why is each person’s personality so different?
Over the past 25 years, psychologists have found that people’s personalities consist of five basic personality traits: affinity, conscientiousness, emotional instability, Extroversion and open experience. Each person’s five personality traits vary to varying degrees.
Contrary to popular belief, people are not limited to specific personality types. Often, no one is a complete lynoist or introvert, and no one is a complete cleaner or a slacker. Although a few may have some extreme personality traits, most are in the middle.
“We concluded from the study that people were not organized by type,” said Christopher Soto, a psychologist at Colby College in Maine. Can be very high, can also be very low, and most people are somewhere in between. “
Personality is not limited to humans. The study found that countless animals, from ants to apes, have personality, or rather five personality traits. The universality of personality points to the origin of biological evolution.
“Both animals and humans face common problems in their survival,” said Frank Sulloway, a psychologist at the University of California, Berkeley. “
For example, due diligence involves behaviours such as planning and careful consideration, which are essential for caring for future generations, choosing mates, and group life in primates and other mammals. Other aspects of due diligence, such as keeping it clean and orderly, also have evolutionary advantages for animals. According to a 2015 study published in the journal Integrative and Comparative Biology, round spiders that weave neat cobwebs can catch more prey. A 2009 study published in the Journal of Biology of the Linnesociety found that nesting cleaner and better-disguised Darwinian could attract more mates. In a 2011 paper published in the journal Animal Behavior, scientists reported that healthier bees can remove more members of the dead group, reducing the risk of disease, gaining weight and increasing fertility.
Some behaviors may seem primitive, but they are a sign of individuality. “In the broadest sense,” Sulloway said, “personality is all the behaviors we and other animals exhibit, and these behaviors allow us to adapt to the world.” “
Evolution may also explain why personality differences are so great. Depending on the situation, each of the five personality traits may give an advantage to an animal. For example, affinity is very important to relationships. But if a lion rushes toward you, you’d better be less affable and a little more aggressive. Because the world is so unpredictable that different aspects of each personality trait can play a role at different times, it is not realistic to evolve a single personality trait that can adapt to a variety of situations, and we might as well choose more personality. “There’s no single solution to what kind of character and behavior you should beshowing, ” says Sullowe.
The roots of personality can be traced back to the early stages of animal evolution, which means that personality traits must be inherited. So whether you like to admit it or not, your personality comes largely from your parents. In fact, says Soto, about half of human synotter differences are genetic. The rest of the personality differences stem from your circumstances, such as life experiences and birth order (Soloway explains that older men are usually more confident, older two are more funny; younger siblings often use humor to defuse their brothers and sisters’ control of them).
Your environment not only shapes you, but to some extent, you can adjust your personality to your own. You can be more outgoing at parties and more friendly when you get along with your family at home. But if you need to focus on your work, you can also be introverted or more aggressive when competing in competitive sports. “No personality trait or behavior is good for you every hour of the day, ” Sulloway said. “After all, humans evolved to learn from the environment around us.
Personality changes over time. “Our base provides a starting point because of personality, and as we get older, these genes will always be with us,” Soto said. “
Soto says that when children enter adolescence, their affinity and due diligence decline temporarily, for example, they will be less softer and more lazy. But research shows that as people move into adulthood and into middle age, the trials and tribulations of life – increasing responsibilities, more complex relationships, etc. – make them more affable and responsible, and more emotionally stable. According to a 2015 study published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, we can even intentionally adjust our personality.
So while personality may determine who you are, it doesn’t necessarily determine who you’re going to be. (Any day)