今年7月，日本经济产业省以“日韩互信关系明显受损”为由，加大对韩国三种高科技材料的出口管制力度，此举引发两国关系陷入紧张状态。就在近日，日本经济产业省对相关出口管制政策进行了调整。据日本放送协会（NHK）、共同社等媒体20日报道，日本经济产业省表示，将通过简化最近受到限制的三种产品之一的相关程序，部分放松对韩国的出口限制。In July, Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry stepped up export controls on three high-tech materials in South Korea, citing “significant damage to the relationship between Japan and South Korea,” a move that has strained relations between the two countries. In recent days, Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has made adjustments to relevant export control policies. Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry said it would partially ease export restrictions on South Korea by simplifying procedures for one of the three products recently restricted, NHK and Kyodo news agency reported Tuesday.
关于涂覆在基板上的感光剂“光刻胶（抗蚀剂）”，调整了在特定企业间交易的运用。该原料主要用于半导体生产。The use of trade between specific enterprises is adjusted for the photoresist “photoresist (anti-etching” ) coated on the substrate. The raw material is mainly used in semiconductor production.
此外，根据出口合同，相关材料需要单独申请并获得批准是不会变的，但批准的期限从过去的半年延长到了3年。In addition, under the export contract, the relevant materials need to be applied separately and approved will not change, but the period of approval has been extended from the past six months to three years.
报道指出，这是今年7月日本对韩实施半导体材料出口管制之后、首次进行重新评估。Reported that this is the first time in July this year, Japan to South Korea after the implementation of export controls on semiconductor materials, the first reassessment.
对此，韩国青瓦台相关负责人评价说：“此次措施是由日本政府主动采取的，虽然也可以看作是一部分进展，但是作为对出口限制问题的根本解决方案，还是不够的”。In this regard, South Korea’s Qinghuatai officials commented: “This measure is taken by the Japanese government on its own initiative, although it can also be seen as part of the progress, but as a fundamental solution to the problem of export restrictions, it is not enough.”
据了解，今年7月1日，日本经济产业省以“日韩互信关系明显受损”为由，加大对韩国3种高科技材料的出口管制力度。受出口管制的产品分别为氟聚酰亚胺、抗蚀剂和高纯度氟化氢，是智能手机、芯片等产业中的重要原材料，日本企业的产量占全球产量大约70%至90%。It is understood that on July 1 this year, Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry to “Japan-South Korea mutual trust relations significantly damaged” as the reason, to increase the export control of three high-tech materials in South Korea. Export-controlled products are fluoropolylamide, corrosion inhibitors and high-purity hydrogen fluoride, which are important raw materials in the smartphone, chip and other industries, and Japanese companies account for about 70 to 90 percent of global production.
由于半导体工业是韩国主要产业，预期将受到日方出口限制严重影响。As the semiconductor industry is a major industry in South Korea, it is expected to be severely affected by Japanese export restrictions.
对此，韩国把日本举措定性为“经济报复”，并提出多项应对措施，包括谋求出口市场多元化、关键技术国产化、国内生产设备规模化，以及诉诸世贸组织。8月，韩国政府宣布不再与日本续签军情协定，但11月，韩方又宣布推迟终止韩日军情协定。新华社报道称，韩方此前不再续签的决定引发日方抗议及美国方面不满。美方曾通过多重渠道向韩方施压，要求维持韩日军情协定。In response, South Korea characterized Japan’s initiative as “economic retaliation” and proposed a number of measures, including the diversification of export markets, the localization of key technologies, the scale of domestic production equipment, and the recourse to the WTO. In August, the South Korean government announced that it would not renew the military-military agreement with Japan, but in November, South Korea announced that it would delay the termination of the Military Intelligence Agreement between South Korea and Japan. Xinhua reported that South Korea’s decision not to renew the previous decision to trigger Japanese protests and U.S. dissatisfaction. The U.S. has used multiple channels to pressure South Korea to maintain the South Korea-Japan military situation agreement.